A historical analysis of the Common Raven Corvus corax occurrence in Slovenia and its neighbouring countries from the Pleistocene to the present time is presented, covering the period of 1.64 million years. Since the species is closely linked to humans, a special relationship has developed as well as changed throughout history, which is in particularly well documented in cultural heritage. Different historical sources have therefore been taken intoaccount, from paleoornithological and ornithoarcheological finds artistic depictions and heraldic symbols to scientific dissertations on the species. Different sources have been interpreted in order to present biological aspectsof the species in terms of its populations and ecological changes through different time periods. The Common raven's present situation and population status were assessed in a special study in which its authors estimated the species' new population size for Slovenia by considering the breeding and non-breeding parts of its population. In the historical sources analysis, the authors focused on the following aspects: (1) occurrence and status of the species, (2) habitat characteristics (breeding, wintering), (3) diet, and (4) interaction with humans.