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Membrane changes associated with exposure of Pseudomonas putida to selected environmental pollutants and their possible roles in toxicity
Vodovnik, Maša (Author), Bistan, Mirjana (Author), Zorec, Maša (Author), Marinšek-Logar, Romana (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://acta.chem-soc.si/59/59-1-83.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
A bacterial model system (Pseudomonas putida DSM 50026) was used in this research to assess potential effect of five selected chemically diverse environmental pollutants on cell membranes. Long chain fatty acid profiles of cultures exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations of atrazine (ATR), metolachlor (MET), pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and fluoranthene (FL), were analyzed and compared to non0exposed cultures. To assess sensitivity of membrane-based response, the impact of each toxicant on culture growth was also followed spectrophotometrically. Results revealed changes in fatty acid profiles when cells were exposed to PCB, HCB and FL in concentrations below the inhibitory levels. Moreover, the observed membrane responses were similar to the ones previously associated with adaption to some membrane-active compounds. On the other hand, exposure of cells to any of the two herbicides, ART or MET, did not induce any significant changes in fatty acid profiles. However, when combined with a commonly used fertilizer compound, NH[down]4NO[down]3, growth impairment was observed. Synergisitc effect of the two herbicides with NH[down]4NO[down]3, might be a consequence of changes in fatty acid profile increasing membrane fluidity, likely induced by NH[down]4+ ions.

Language:English
Keywords:mikrobiologija, toksikologija, bakterije, Pseudomonas putida, celične membrane, toksične snovi
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2012
Number of pages:str. 83-88
Numbering:Vol. 59, no. 1
UDC:579:632.95.024
ISSN on article:1318-0207
COBISS.SI-ID:3024008 Link is opened in a new window
Views:614
Downloads:190
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Acta chimica slovenica
Shortened title:Acta chim. slov.
Publisher:Slovensko kemijsko društvo, =Slovenian Chemical Society
ISSN:1318-0207
COBISS.SI-ID:14086149 This link opens in a new window

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