European energy policy is very committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promotes renewable energy sources. Goals which were set until 2020 are very ambitious. In my diploma thesis are presented approaches to achieve these goals easier. In the first chapter we tried to analyze the trading system of emission allowances as well as their influence on energy and industrial sector in Europe and Slovenia. We studied the Kyoto protocol in response against climate change.
Next chapter describes methodology and tools, which enable industrial and energy sector to optimize or reduce the energy costs with reviews, planning, implementation and measurement of energy consumption. New technologies are presented for better energy efficiency, which reduce greenhouse gas emissions and consumption of energy. We analyzed the sense of efficient energy use and barriers, which industrial sector tries to remove. These actions help to reduce the energy use and bring benefits.
We also describe the possible actions in the energy sector, where is emphasized the cogeneration. In my diploma thesis are also described two cases of energy investment in renewable, reliable sources of energy through the Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism. In the last chapter is described the technical barriers and problems appearing in electricity networks, due to the integration of distributed energy resources.