In spite of the decrease of the religious value orientation among women in the second part of the 20th Century the doctrine of the Catholic Church cannot not be pushed on the margins of the past, particularly because of the systematic and totally directed "new evangelisation". By revealing key features of the religious and church's determinations of woman's identity and her social role, the authoress confirms several newest critiques of the sexist Church activity inside as well as outside its institutional frames. Based on the analysis of various post-councilian Church's documents she concludes that the traditional misogynist orientation is preserved and that the "aggiornamento" in regard to the gender relations is superficial only. Regardless the political system of the different European societies (including Slovenia) the traditional Church's misogynist orientation does exist as one of the factors - stimulated by the increase of women's social independence - contributing to the increase of the women's desertion from the Church. In spite of this fact women yet prevail among religious people. According to the authoress conviction the more comprehensive explanations regarding the gender and religiosity, connection should be searched within thecomplete androcentric division of social labour, within the asymmetric connection of the women's usefulness (to live for others) with their exclusionfrom the control of the total existence circumstances. In this field the answers to the issue of gender different content of religiosity and its reproduction should be find. The decomposition of this connection is very slowdue to the institutionally guaranteed interweaving of this connection into all formal and informal elements of the contemporary dynamic social structure. The Catholic Church attempts to decelerate this process.