The passage to modernism in the field of visual arts is marked by numerous events in society like the change of status of the artist, change in educational system, new system of exhibition politics, different role of the art customer, the development of art criticism and art market in private galleries. All these processes influenced the development of the art styles and formation of different attitude towards artistic practice. The article represents systems of education and representation which were in use from renaissance, and the role of marginalised groups like foreigners, women, non academics, by changing of the established system. Discriminatory principles ofFrench academic educational system and representations of artists caused many schisms and enabled development of new forms of education and representation. At the same time we can follow numerous endeavours of French academy to adapt to new circumstances and enable the most just system of education and representation. Slovene artists Ivana Kobilca, Jurij Šubic and Jožef Petkovšek were temporally living in Paris during those changes and were trying, like so many others, to get some education and to succeed in the centre of art.