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The phenolic profile of sweet cherry fruits influenced by cultivar/rootstock combination
ID Boškov, Đorđe (Author), ID Milatović, Dragan (Author), ID Rakonjac, Vera (Author), ID Zec, Gordan (Author), ID Hudina, Metka (Author), ID Veberič, Robert (Author), ID Mikulič Petkovšek, Maja (Author)

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Abstract
The influence of three cultivars (‘Carmen’, ‘Kordia’ and ‘Regina’) grafted on six rootstocks (Mahaleb, ‘Colt’, ‘Oblacinska’, ‘M × M 14′, ‘Gisela 5′ and ‘Gisela 6′) on the phenolic profile of sweet cherry fruits was studied during a two-year period. All the individual phenolic compounds were detected using high-pressure liquid chromatography with diode-array detection coupled with mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MSn). In all the examined samples, 54 compounds were identified and divided into five phenolic classes: anthocyanins (4 compounds), flavonols (7), flavanols (11), flavanones (4), and hydroxycinnamic acids (28). Anthocyanins (58%) and hydroxycinnamic acids (31%) showed the greatest amounts in all the examined fruit samples. PCA analysis revealed that among the cultivars, ‘Kordia’ showed the highest phenolic content. Regarding rootstocks, the lowest values of the most important phenolic compounds were obtained in fruits from trees grafted onto the seedling rootstock Mahaleb. Among the clonal rootstocks, the vigorous ‘Colt’ and dwarf ‘Gisela 5′ promoted the highest values of the evaluated phenolic compounds in the cultivars ‘Kordia’ and ‘Carmen’, while the dwarf ‘Oblacinska’ and semi-vigorous ‘M × M 14′ induced the highest values in the cultivar ‘Regina’. By evaluating the influence of cultivars and rootstocks on the phenolic content in fruit, it has been proven that the cultivar has the most significant influence. However, the rootstock also influences the content of a large number of phenolic compounds. The selection of an adequate cultivar/rootstock combination can also be a powerful tool for improving the phenolic content in fruits, and consequently the nutritional value of sweet cherry fruits.

Language:English
Keywords:sweet cherry, Prunus avium L., phenolic compounds, rootstock, cultivar, nutritional value
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year:2023
Number of pages:18 str.
Numbering:Vol. 12, iss. 1, art. 103
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-144155 This link opens in a new window
UDC:634.1/.7
ISSN on article:2223-7747
DOI:10.3390/plants12010103 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:140357123 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:02.02.2023
Views:276
Downloads:62
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Plants
Shortened title:Plants
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2223-7747
COBISS.SI-ID:523345433 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:češnja, fenolne spojine, podlage, sorte, hranilna vrednost

Projects

Funder:MESTD - Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia
Project number:451-03-68/2022-14/200116

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P4-0013
Name:Hortikultura

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