Bisphenol A is a compound classified as an endocrine-disrupting chemical. Regulatory organisations studied and confirmed the effects of bisphenol A and began to restrict its use since 2009. As a result, companies were forced to replace bisphenol A with bisphenol A analogues, which are more or less similar to bisphenol A in terms of usability and structure. The purpose of this master's thesis was to compare the studied bisphenol A analogues, focusing on the adverse effects found in in vitro and in vivo tests, their occurrence in the environment and in living organisms. To collect data, we used a systematic literature review in two databases – PubMed and Science Direct. Among the available articles, we selected information relevant for our literature review in accordance with the PRISMA methodology. Potential sources of environmental exposure to the compounds studied are food, consumer products, indoor dust, waters and sediments, waste water and sewage sludge. In Europe, data on occurrence in the environment was found for all bisphenol A analogues studied, except for the bisphenol TMC. The highest values of bisphenol A analogues were measured in thermal paper, where the values of bisphenol S reached 0.013 g/g. We found data on the occurrence in the environment for all bisphenol A analogues also for Asia, except for bisphenol C. The highest content was also measured in thermal paper, where the values of the analogue TGSA reached 0.026 g/g. In America, the presence in the environment was confirmed for all studied analogues, with the highest value also measured in paper products, where bisphenol S reached values up to 0.022 g/g. In a review of studies on occurrence in humans, we determined the presence of bisphenol A analogues in body samples (urine, blood, breast milk), and the data was also categorised by continents. In Europe and America, all studied analogues were detected in all types of body samples, as were in Asia, with the exception that no bisphenol Z was found in the blood. In reviewed in vitro studies, all studied analogues showed certain activities (agonistic or antagonistic activity) on oestrogen, androgen and/or thyroid hormone receptors. Reviewed in vivo studies on animals showed a certain effect of the studied analogues on the endocrine system, development and reproduction, but study results are sometimes contradictory as the methods and selection of animals tested in the studies often differed. Even in reviewed human biomonitoring studies, we often found contradictory results; however, studies are unanimous that the studied analogues have an impact on the reproductive system, metabolism and tumorigenesis, and that these effects also depend on age and gender of humans as well as other animal species.