In the diploma thesis, we studied the archival materials of the Franciscan cadaster, which represent a rich source for the study of land tenure in the past. The purpose of the diploma thesis has been to study land use and the possession structure of the land at the time of the creation of the Franciscan cadaster for the cadastral municipality Babni vrt. For this purpose, we vectorized and digitized old cadastral maps and established a spatial database with data of the so-called cadastral documentation of the Franciscan cadaster. In addition to cadastral maps, it also contains descriptive data on land parcels, land possession and geographical names, which we also digitized. We connected the collected graphic and descriptive data. The analytical geoinformation tools were used to analyze land parcel and possession structure of the land, land use, as well as topographic and other geographical names in the study area, i.e. cadastral municipality of Babni vrt. The obtained results of the analysis of archival materials of the Franciscan cadastre were further compared with the current land cadaster records (Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia) and records of land cover (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food). The thesis includes a detailed presentation of the Franciscean cadaster’s documentation for the selected cadastral municipality; in the analytical part, the results of the analyses of land parcel structure, topographic entities, land possession structure and land cover. Land cover data and land parcel structure were further compared to the current official records. The results have confirmed our statements, designed at the beginning of our research, i.e. (i) land parcel structure in the cadastral municipality of Babni vrt has not remarkably changed in the past two decades; and that (ii) the archival documentation of the Franciscean cadaster for the cadastral municipality of Babni vrt is a rich source of names and geographical names.