Motherhood is an important turning point that causes changes in several areas of the daughter’s life. It is a vulnerable period in which both positive and negative aspects of the daughter’s relationship with her mother are markedly revealed. Being a mother herself, the daughter may feel most connected or distant from her mother. The master’s thesis focused on studying the connection between the daughter's experience of her mother's parental role during the period of her childhood, the quality of the relationship with her in adulthood and the daughter’s evaluation of her own motherhood. We used three metric instruments: The Parental Bonding Inventory, The Mother-Adult Daughter Questionnaire and The Parenting Sense of Competence Scale. By using them, we explored the connection between three key variables and individual dimensions of metric instruments on a sample of 774 participants with a quantitative procedure of research. Our sample consisted of women who were mothers and had contact with their mothers at the time of growing up and later in life. We discovered that the better the quality of relationship with the mother in adulthood is, the higher daughter evaluates her own motherhood. Moreover, the more optimally the daughter experienced the mother’s parental role in childhood, the better is the quality of their relationship in adulthood. Living with the mother in adulthood proved to be an important factor that contributes to trust in the mother’s hierarchy and co-dependence with her in adulthood. Considering the daughter’s marital status, our participants didn’t distinguish in the evaluation of their own parental competency as efficient or satisfactory. Moreover, we were interested in the relatedness between the daughter’s experience of her mother’s parental role in childhood and her connection with her in adulthood. It turned out that as the mother was more attentive and protective during her daughter’s childhood, their bond was stronger in adulthood and they were connected thus more. Our findings provide information for understanding the complexity of the relationship between mother and daughter and confirm the importance of the mother’s role in her daughter’s life. Their relationship can gain a completely new dimension and different meaning when a daughter becomes a mother herself.