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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children
ID Brecelj, Jernej (Avtor), ID Orel, Rok (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Background and Objectives: The prevalence of pediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is increasing. A lot of new data are published regularly. Materials and Methods: Original clinical studies, review articles, and guidelines in children were searched for and the most relevant included in this review. Results: A total of 138 retrieved papers were classified into pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Pathogenesis is currently explained with the "multi hit hypothesis", with complex interactions of genetic and environmental factors which trigger inflammation in steatotic liver. The prevalence is rising. A diagnosis can be made with laboratory tests, imaging, and liver biopsy after the exclusion of other causes of liver steatosis. The mainstay of treatment is lifestyle modification consisting of dietary intervention and increased physical activity. The progression to liver cirrhosis can occur even in children. Conclusions: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children is a part of a metabolic syndrome in the majority of patients. Due to its complex etiology and high prevalence, multidisciplinary teams, together with public health professionals, should be involved in its treatment.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:pediatric fatty liver disease, diet, lifestyle modification, obesity, physical activity
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.02 - Pregledni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:MF - Medicinska fakulteta
Leto izida:2021
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Št. strani:15 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 57, iss. 7, art. 719
UDK:616-053.2
ISSN pri članku:1648-9144
DOI:10.3390/medicina57070719 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:81204483 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:06.04.2022
Število ogledov:87
Število prenosov:30
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Medicina
Založnik:MDPI
ISSN:1648-9144
COBISS.SI-ID:6754623 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:16.07.2021

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:otroška maščobna jetrna bolezen, prehrana, sprememba življenjskega sloga

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