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Ergonomija šolajoče populacije
Hrka, Laura (Author), Zupan, Klementina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Dandanes med šolanjem in pri drugih obšolskih dejavnostih učenci veliko časa presedijo (pri pouku, pred televizorjem, pri računalniku). S tem se tudi zmanjšuje njihova vsakdanja aktivnost, kar se odraža v zdravstvenem stanju otrok. Pri pregledu literature sem se osredotočila predvsem na problematiko pohištva, s katerim se srečuje šolajoča populacija, ki zajema učence, dijake in študente, v razvijajočih se državah, kjer sem prikazala učilnice in njihovo pohištvo za šolajočo populacijo v Indiji, Iranu, Iraku, na Tajskem in v Bangladešu. Pri tem sem prikazala podobnosti in razlike pri antropometričnih meritvah šolajoče populacije in dejanskimi merami pohištva, ki se pojavljajo v različnih učilnicah držav v razvoju. Ugotovila sem, da se v učilnicah pojavljajo velike razlike med fizičnimi lastnostmi učencev in pohištvom. Najpogostejše težave, s katerimi so se učenci srečevali, so neprimerno visoki sedeži, preplitki sedeži, neprimerno razmerje med višino stola in mize. Razlike med fizičnimi lastnostmi in pohištvom se kažejo tudi v starosti učencev in v spolu. Da bi preprečili nastanek psihičnih in fizičnih težav, moramo poskrbeti za ustrezno ergonomsko oblikovano pohištvo ter ustrezno akustiko v šolskih učilnicah. V magistrskem delu sem prikazala antropometrične in ergonomske meritve šolskega pohištva v omenjenih državah, naredila primerjavo med njimi in oblikovala predlog za pravilen izbor podatkov, ki so potrebni za ergonomsko oblikovano pohištvo, kajti s tem se lahko tudi zmanjšajo kasnejše težave in posledice v odrasli dobi in prepreči nastanek mišično-skeletnih obolenj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:ergonomija, šolajoča se populacija, razvijajoče se države, šolsko pohištvo, antropometrija
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FKKT - Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology
Year:2021
Views:52
Downloads:15
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Ergonomy of school population
Abstract:
Nowadays, during school, as well as in other extracurricular activities, students spend a lot of time sitting (during lessons, in front of the TV, at the computer). This also reduces their daily activity, which is reflected in the children’s health. In the literature review, I focused mainly on the issues faced by schoolchildren in developing countries, mainly in India, Iran, Iraq, Thailand, and Bangladesh. I displayed similarities and differences that occur in different school populations, and I showed that there are big differences in physical characteristics of children and furniture in classrooms. The most common difficulties that the children faced were inappropriately highchairs, inappropriately deep chairs and an inappropriate height between the chairs and the tables. I also displayed the differences between ages and genders. In order to prevent the occurrence of these mental and physical problems, we must take care of the appropriate ergonomically designed furniture, as well as the appropriate acoustics in school classrooms. In the master thesis I described anthropometric and ergonomic measurements of school furniture in these countries, I made a comparison between them and I devised a proposal for a correct use of ergonomic furniture because this will also reduce the later problems and consequences in adulthood and prevent the emergence of MSD.

Keywords:ergonomy, students, developing countries, school furniture, measurements

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