Canine leishmaniasis prevalence in the Slovenian dog population
ID Kotnik, Tina (Author), ID Moreno, Javier (Author), ID Šoba, Barbara (Author), ID Krt, Branko (Author), ID Skvarč, Miha (Author), ID Vergles-Rataj, Aleksandra (Author), ID Gorišek, Maja (Author), ID Ravnik Verbič, Urška (Author)

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Abstract Introduction: Leishmaniasis is a life-threatening zoonosis of which dogs are the major reservoir and sandflies are the vectors. Until now, the prevalence of canine leishmaniasis (CanL) in the Slovenian dog population was unknown. Material and Methods: Epidemiological data, eye swabs and blood samples were taken from 465 dogs born in Slovenia and older than one year. Commercial ELISA kits and real-time PCR were used. For ELISA-positive samples, an immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) was performed. Descriptive statistics were used to characterise the samples. The one-sample nonparametric chi-square test was used to test whether the categories of a variable were equally distributed. Results: A 59.9% proportion of the recruited dogs had travelled to endemic regions and 62.1% of them had not been protected by insect repellents. Skin symptoms that might be CanL-related were described in 109 of the dogs’ histories (23.4%), inappetence and/or weight loss in 25 (5.4%), and anaemia, intermittent fever, and/or lymphadenopathy in 19 (4.1%). At the time of recruitment, all dogs were asymptomatic. All samples were PCR negative, nine (1.9%) were ELISA positive, but none were IFAT positive. Five of the nine ELISA-positive dogs were non-travellers. Conclusion: We conclude that the seroprevalence of canine leishmaniasis of 1.9 % in the autochthonous Slovenian dog population may pose a risk of endemic spread of the disease.

Keywords:canine leishmaniasis, CanL, prevalence, vector-borne diseases, dogs.
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:VF - Veterinary Faculty
MF - Faculty of Medicine
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Submitted for review:27.11.2020
Article acceptance date:10.05.2021
Publication date:31.05.2021
Number of pages:Str. 161-167
Numbering:Vol. 65, no. 2
ISSN on article:2450-7393
DOI:10.2478/jvetres-2021-0028 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:66852611 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:12.10.2021
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Journal of Veterinary Research
Shortened title:J. Vet. Res.
Publisher:National Veterinary Research Institute
COBISS.SI-ID:4727418 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY-NC-ND 3.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
Description:You are free to reproduce and redistribute the material in any medium or format. You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. You may not use the material for commercial purposes. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material. You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
Licensing start date:31.05.2021

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Name:Endokrini, imunski in encimski odzivi pri zdravih in bolnih živalih

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Name:Zdravje živali, okolje in varna hrana

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Name:Odnosi parazitskega obstajanja

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