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Canine leishmaniasis prevalence in the Slovenian dog population
ID Kotnik, Tina (Avtor), ID Moreno, Javier (Avtor), ID Šoba, Barbara (Avtor), ID Krt, Branko (Avtor), ID Skvarč, Miha (Avtor), ID Vergles-Rataj, Aleksandra (Avtor), ID Gorišek, Maja (Avtor), ID Ravnik Verbič, Urška (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Abstract Introduction: Leishmaniasis is a life-threatening zoonosis of which dogs are the major reservoir and sandflies are the vectors. Until now, the prevalence of canine leishmaniasis (CanL) in the Slovenian dog population was unknown. Material and Methods: Epidemiological data, eye swabs and blood samples were taken from 465 dogs born in Slovenia and older than one year. Commercial ELISA kits and real-time PCR were used. For ELISA-positive samples, an immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) was performed. Descriptive statistics were used to characterise the samples. The one-sample nonparametric chi-square test was used to test whether the categories of a variable were equally distributed. Results: A 59.9% proportion of the recruited dogs had travelled to endemic regions and 62.1% of them had not been protected by insect repellents. Skin symptoms that might be CanL-related were described in 109 of the dogs’ histories (23.4%), inappetence and/or weight loss in 25 (5.4%), and anaemia, intermittent fever, and/or lymphadenopathy in 19 (4.1%). At the time of recruitment, all dogs were asymptomatic. All samples were PCR negative, nine (1.9%) were ELISA positive, but none were IFAT positive. Five of the nine ELISA-positive dogs were non-travellers. Conclusion: We conclude that the seroprevalence of canine leishmaniasis of 1.9 % in the autochthonous Slovenian dog population may pose a risk of endemic spread of the disease.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:canine leishmaniasis, CanL, prevalence, vector-borne diseases, dogs.
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:VF - Veterinarska fakulteta
MF - Medicinska fakulteta
Status publikacije:Objavljeno
Različica publikacije:Objavljena publikacija
Poslano v recenzijo:27.11.2020
Datum sprejetja članka:10.05.2021
Datum objave:31.05.2021
Leto izida:2021
Št. strani:Str. 161-167
Številčenje:Vol. 65, no. 2
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-132098 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:636.09
ISSN pri članku:2450-7393
DOI:10.2478/jvetres-2021-0028 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:66852611 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:12.10.2021
Število ogledov:807
Število prenosov:138
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Journal of Veterinary Research
Skrajšan naslov:J. Vet. Res.
Založnik:National Veterinary Research Institute
ISSN:2450-7393
COBISS.SI-ID:4727418 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY-NC-ND 3.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva-Nekomercialno-Brez predelav 3.0 Nedoločena
Povezava:https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.sl
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Začetek licenciranja:31.05.2021

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P4-0053
Naslov:Endokrini, imunski in encimski odzivi pri zdravih in bolnih živalih

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P4-0092
Naslov:Zdravje živali, okolje in varna hrana

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P3-0083
Naslov:Odnosi parazitskega obstajanja

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