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Pomen dojenja za otroke, matere in družbo
ID Bonča, Tjaša (Author), ID Benedik, Evgen (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Dojenje je naraven in najprimernejši način hranjenja dojenčkov, saj preprečuje pojav zaostanka v razvoju, zdravstvenih zapletov ter smrti otrok, prinaša pa tudi številne prednosti doječim materam. Namen diplomskega dela je bil opraviti pregled literature o pomembnih sestavinah humanega mleka, vplivu dojenja na otroke in njihove matere ter dejavnike, ki vplivajo na odločitev za dojenje. Humano mleko vsebuje pomembna hranila in funkcionalne komponente, ki otroka ščitijo pred okužbami in vnetji, potrebne pa so tudi za njegovo nadaljnjo rast ter razvoj. S pogostim dojenjem se zmanjša število hospitalizacij in stroškov zdravljenja, povečajo pa se razpoložljiva sredstva zdravstvenih ustanov. Kljub mnogim pozitivnim učinkom in priporočilom, naj bodo otroci izključno dojeni v prvih 6 mesecih življenja, trenutni podatki o dojenju po svetu niso spodbudni. Za izboljšanje stanja bo v prihodnosti potrebno predvsem množično ozaveščanje širše javnosti, saj je zavedanje o prednostih, ki jih ta način hranjenja prinaša otrokom in njihovim materam, eden izmed pomembnih dejavnikov pri odločitvi za dojenje. Pri zaščiti dojenja in uspešnem poteku ima lahko precejšnjo vlogo tudi poostren nadzor nad mlečnimi nadomestki ter dovolj izobraženo zdravstveno osebje. Pomemben korak k napredku v zadnjem času predstavljajo še Novorojencu prijazne porodnišnice, Dojenju prijazne zdravstvene ustanove in Dojenju prijazna mesta.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:dojenje, prehrana otrok, vpliv na matere, zalivančki, humano mleko, mlečni nadomestki, vpliv na zdravje, kronične nenalezljive bolezni, kognitivne funkcije, ozaveščenost, spodbujanje, priporočila
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Publisher:[T. Bonča]
Year:2021
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-130532 This link opens in a new window
UDC:613.953.11:618.63
COBISS.SI-ID:76496387 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:16.09.2021
Views:1146
Downloads:216
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The importance of breastfeeding for mothers, infants and its impact in society
Abstract:
Breastfeeding is natural and most appropiate way of infant feeding, as it prevents developmental delay, health issues and infant death, though it also positively contributes to breastfeeding women. The aim of this thesis was to review the literature of important human milk components, to discover how big o fan impact breastfeeding has on mothers and children, and what are the factors with a significant role in decision to breastfeed. Human milk contains several crucial nutrients and functional components with an ability to prevent infections and inflammations, while they also carry an important role in child growth and development. Frequent breastfeeding contributes to fewer hospitalisations and lower health costs while it also contributes to the increase of hospital's financial resources. Despite an enormous evidence of positive effects and recommendations to exclusively breastfeed in first 6 months, the current breastfeeding situation in the world is rather insufficient. For future improvement mass awareness will be needed as understanding the importance of breastfeeding largely influences the decision to breastfeed. A tighter control over infant formula and clinician's education also plays an important role in breastfeeding protection and its duration. Furthermore, The Baby Friendly Initiative and Breastfeeding friednly cities represent a large step towards increasing the number of breastfeeding.

Keywords:breastfeeding, infant nutrition, impact on mothers, formula fed infants, human milk, infant formula, health effects, chronic non communicable diseases, cognitive functions, awareness, encouragement, recommendations

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