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VARNOSTNI VIDIKI PRI ORGANIZACIJI RALLY DIRK
Ivančič, David (Avtor), Schnabl, Simon (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Varnost dirkačev, športnih funkcionarjev in gledalcev se je skozi čas spreminjala. Če smo še pred leti lahko zabeležili ogromno smrti med gledalci ali dirkači, se je statistika v zadnjih letih znatno izboljšala. Na varnost dirkačev vpliva ogromno faktorjev, največji faktorji pa so zagotovo sestavni deli varnostne opreme v avtomobilih ter uporaba osebne varovalne opreme dirkačev. Skozi leta se je tehnologija razvijala, obenem pa so se razvijali tudi varnostni elementi. Rally spada med avto moto šport in kot vsak drugi šport je lahko nevaren vendar varnostni elementi znatno povečajo možnost preživetja ali pa vsaj zmanjšajo možnost nastanka hudih poškodb. Zaradi kompleksnosti športa sem se na začetku seznanil najprej s termini povezanimi z dirkami, nato pa z uradniki, ki jih imenujemo športni funkcionarji. Za vsakega športnega funkcionarja sem opisal njegove naloge in zadolžitve. Najpomembnejši dokument, ki je pomemben pri načrtovanju dirk je varnostni načrt – v motošportu ga imenujejo biblija med organizatorji. Varnostni načrt določa vse nevarnosti, ki bi se lahko pripetile med izvedbo dirko, prav tako pa določa število in pozicijo uradnih oseb, ki so prisotni ob trasi hitrostne preizkušnje. Ugotavljal sem pomen nesreče na dirkah in postopke v primerih dirkaške nesreče. Najpomembnejši del pa je bil požar, pri čemer sem mogel najprej ugotoviti vzroke za nastanek požara v dirkalnikih. Za preprečevanje požara se uporabljajo naslednji varnostni elementi: gasilni aparati, centralni gasilni sistem, varnostni rezervoar, požarna stena ter obloge na varnostni kletki. Dirkače pred plameni varuje osebna oprema – podkapa, kombinezon, spodnje perilo, nogavice ter rokavice. Vsak del opreme, ki je vgrajen v vozilu ali osebna oprema dirkača mora biti izdelan po strogih navodilih FIA, obenem pa je potrebno upoštevati tudi FIA standard. Dirkač na dirki ne sme nastopiti, če vsa oprema ni homologiran. Opremo se vedno preveri pred začetkom dirke oziroma na tehničnem pregledu. Rally v Sloveniji žal ni najbolj prepoznaven šport, za kar pa obstaja cel kup dejavnikov. Diplomsko delo sem poskusil sestaviti na takšen način, da se bralcu na najboljši možen način predstavi organizacijski del, seznani z dokumenti, ki so pomembni za varno organizacijo dirk ter podrobneje spozna varnostne elemente tako dirkalnika kakor dirkača.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:race car, fire, equipment, accident.
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Tipologija:2.11 - Diplomsko delo
Organizacija:FKKT - Fakulteta za kemijo in kemijsko tehnologijo
Leto izida:2021
COBISS.SI-ID:83089667 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:71
Število prenosov:22
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:SAFETY ASPECTS IN ORGANIZING RALLY RACES
Izvleček:
The safety of racers, racing sports functionaries and observers of the sport has been changing constantly over time. If only a few years ago many deaths were recorded between racers and race fans alike, the statistics of these events happening have lowered significally. A lot of factors concerning safety must be taken into account with the races and their participants, the most prominent of which are the safety components of the cars themselves and the racers' body safety gear. Through the years as automobile technology advanced the advancement of these safety elements also played a crucial part in protecting the participants of races. Rally is a part of the auto-moto sport family and as such can be very dangerous, but the afforementioned safety elements highly increase the chances of survival or, at the very least, prevent heavy bodily injuries. Because of the complexity of the sport I first got familiar with the terminology concerning racing and then the officials we call racing sports functionaries. For every one of these functionaries I explained his role in the sport - meaning his duties and assignments. The most important document needed when planning a race is the safety document - between organisers in motosports it is called "the bible". It defines any and all dangerous events that might occur during the duration of the race, while also defining the number and position of safety personnel, who are also present during the speed test of the track. I also researched the meaning of accidents on races and the actions taken upon one occuring. The most important part though were possible fires, where I had to find out the reasons for their occurence in race cars. For fire prevention the following safety elements are used: fire extinguishers, central fire prevention systems, safety reservoirs, firewalls and the lining of the safety cages of race cars. The racers themselves are protected by their personalised safety equipment - an undercap, the racing suit itself, proper socks and proper gloves. Every piece of equipment in the car or the racers' personalised equipment must follow the rules of the FIA and meet FIA standards. A racer can't perform on a race if all equipment isn't homologated. The equipment is always checked before the race or on the vehicles' technical reviews. Rally racing sadly isn't a very recognised sport in Slovenia, having many contributing factors. This thesis was designed in a way that could present the reader many different elements of racing in the best way possible, from the organisation part to the documents needed to safely organise these races and an in-depth insight into the personalised safety equipment of race cars and the drivers themselves.

Ključne besede:race car, fire, equipment, accident.

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