As living standards and population growth increase, the quality of water and water resources is deteriorating. Water quality is determined through selected parameters of microbiological contamination, namely through the presence of bacteria and viruses. Under certain conditions, viruses can survive for a long time in the environment and transmit infections through aquatic environments, posing a health risk. One of the reliable and efficient ways of wastewater treatment is advanced oxidation processes based on the formation of a strong oxidizing agent (usually a hydroxyl radical). The latter causes the oxidation of the substance, leading to a complete deactivation and decomposition of pathogenic pollutants. By reviewing the available literature and research in the field of virus removal by advanced oxidation processes, we can reliably evaluate the usability and efficiency of advanced oxidation processes for municipal wastewater treatment. All reviewed advanced oxidation processes demonstrated effective virus inactivation and degradation.