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Conflicts with wolves can originate from their parent packs
Liere, Diederik van (Author), Siard, Nataša (Author), Martens, Pim (Author), Jordan, Dušanka (Author)

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Abstract
Transmission of experience about prey and habitat supports the survival of next generation of wolves. Thus, the parent pack (PP) can affect whether young migrating wolves (loners) kill farm animals or choose to be in human environments, which generates human–wolf conflicts. Therefore, we researched whether the behavior of loners resembles PP behavior. After being extinct, 22 loners had entered the Netherlands between 2015 and 2019. Among them, 14 could be DNA-identified and linked with their PPs in Germany. Some loners were siblings. We assessed the behavior of each individual and PP through a structured Google search. PP behavior was determined for the loner’s rearing period. Similarity between loner and PP behavior was significant (p = 0.022) and applied to 10 of 14 cases: like their PPs, three loners killed sheep and were near humans, five killed sheep and did not approach humans, while two loners were unproblematic, they did not kill sheep, nor were they near humans. Siblings behaved similarly. Thus, sheep killing and proximity to humans may develop during early-life experiences in the PP. However, by negative reinforcement that can be prevented. New methods are suggested to achieve that. As a result, new generations may not be problematic when leaving PPs.

Language:English
Keywords:human–animal conflict, wolf behavior, migrating wolves, sheep killing, early-life experiences, bold wolves, learning, depredation, deterrence
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2021
Number of pages:18 str.
Numbering:Vol. 11, no. 3, art. 1801
UDC:591.5
ISSN on article:2076-2615
DOI:10.3390/ani11061801 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:68052995 This link opens in a new window
Views:101
Downloads:13
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Animals
Shortened title:Animals
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2076-2615
COBISS.SI-ID:519120409 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:16.06.2021

Secondary language

Language:Undetermined
Keywords:volkovi, obnašanje živali, etologija, učenje, plen, ovce, bližina ljudi, konflikti

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