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Delovanje šolskih sester svetega Frančiška Kristusa Kralja na področju zdravstvene nege v Sloveniji in na Hrvaškem : diplomsko delo
Aškerc, Jure (Author), Mihelič Zajec, Andreja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Vettorazzi, Renata (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Negovanje bolnih je bilo v preteklosti predvsem delo žensk. Kot mnoge redovne skupnosti so se z negovanjem bolnih in onemoglih ukvarjale tudi šolske sestre sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je strniti zgodovinske vire o delovanju šolskih sester sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja na področju zdravstvene nege v enoten dokument. Predstaviti njihova delovišča v Sloveniji in na Hrvaškem skozi zgodovino vse do danes, način dela z bolnimi, področja delovanja in način izobraževanja. Metode: Uporabljeni sta bili zgodovinska metoda dela s kritično analizo literature in virov, ki se nanašajo na delovanje šolskih sester sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja v zdravstveni negi, in opisna metoda za analizo polstrukturiranih intervjujev. Pregledana je bila tudi vsa razpoložljiva literatura o zgodovini zdravstvene nege v spletnem arhivu člankov Obzornika zdravstvene nege na osnovi ključne besede zgodovina zdravstvene nege. Rezultati: Šolske sestre sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja so se vključevale v negovanje bolnih že med prvo svetovno vojno v Sloveniji, po prvi svetovni vojni pa tudi na Hrvaškem. Sprva so delo opravljale brez ustrezne izobrazbe, poklica so se priučile, pred drugo svetovno vojno pa so se s področja zdravstvene nege pričele tudi šolati. Intervjuvane šolske sestre sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja, ki so ali pa so bile zaposlene v zdravstvenih ustanovah, so šolane medicinske sestre, ki so med bolniki in zaposlenimi dobro sprejete, zaradi redovniškega poklica niso diskriminirane, med svojim delom pa bolnikom nudijo tudi duhovno podporo in pomoč. Razprava in zaključek: Šolske sestre sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja so se poleg svoje primarne dejavnosti, t. j. učenja mladine, spoprijele tudi z delom v zdravstveni negi. Na to je vplivalo predvsem obdobje prve svetovne vojne, saj so bile povečane potrebe po negovanju in skrbi za ranjene vojake. Z delom so nadaljevale tudi po prvi svetovni vojni in takrat so se začele izobraževati na področju zdravstvene nege. Z leti po drugi svetovni vojni je število šolskih sester sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja, ki so delovale v zdravstvenih ustanovah, upadalo, saj so jih nadomestile t. i. »neposvetne sestre«. Nekaj šolskih sester sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja delo v zdravstvu opravlja tudi danes, vendar je njihovo število majhno.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, zgodovina zdravstvene nege, redovnice, šolske sestre sv. Frančiška Kristusa Kralja, strežba bolnikov
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[J. Aškerc]
Number of pages:25 str., [4] str. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:74454531 This link opens in a new window
Views:51
Downloads:10
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The work of the school sisters of St. Francis Christ the King in the field of nursing in Slovenia and Croatia : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Nursing care for patients was in the past primarily women's role. Like many other monastic communities the school sisters of St. Francis Christ the King was also engaged in nursing and nurturing patients. Purpose: The purpose of this work is to collect and put together historical sources about nursing and nurturing patients in the school sisters of St. Francis Christ the King. To introduce all places where they have worked in Slovenia, Croatia and through the history till today on different perspectives: work method, work field, education. Methods: Critical analysis of historical sources which are related to the school sister of St. Francis Christ the King (nursing patients) and descriptional method for analysis of interviews. All historical articles have been checked in journal Obzornik (key words: History of nursing). Results: The sisters of St. Francis Christ the King took part in nursing patients during first World War in Slovenia, but after the war also in Croatia. They weren't educated at first, but before second World War they started to get profession in nursing. All sisters St. Francis Christ the King who were interviewed were educated nurses, who are or were employed in health institutions. Sisters-nurses didn't feel discriminated because they belong to nun community which provides them to give spiritual help and support to patients. Discussion and Conclusion: The primary role of sisters of St. Francis Christ the King is to educate the young but they also took the 'job' of nursing. In the first World War the need for nursing staff was huge, so sisters took care of soldiers. They continued with nursing after the War and also got nursing education. After the second World War their number had fallen because they were replaced with 'uninitiated sisters'. Some sisters of St. Francis Christ the King work in healthcare even today, but their number is low.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, history of nursing, nuns, school sisters of St. Francis Christ the King, patient care

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