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Izboljšanje sodelovanja pri otroku z vedenjskimi težavami : diplomsko delo
Alekić, Edita (Author), Gričar, Nevenka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kovačič, Andreja (Co-mentor), Šuc, Lea (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Otrok z motnjo senzorne integracije težje razume, kaj se dogaja znotraj in izven njegovega telesa, saj njegov centralni živčni sistem ne more uspešno predelati senzornih prilivov. Dražljaji iz okolja in telesa nekatere otroke motijo, drugi pa jih sploh ne zaznavajo ali pa iščejo določene dražljaje, ki jih usmerjajo v obliko vedenja, ki je za njihovo okolje drugačno ali nesprejemljivo. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je uporabiti model oblikovanja odločitev, kot pomoč pri raziskovanju razlogov za neustrezne vzorce vedenja otroka in ugotoviti, na katerih področjih senzorne predelave se pojavljajo motnje senzorne integracije. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu je predstavljen primer delovnoterapevtske obravnave sedemletne deklice, ki ima težave pri predelavi senzornih prilivov. Uporabili smo model oblikovanja odločitev na podlagi zbranih podatkov. Model vsebuje zaporedje organiziranih korakov: prepoznavanje otrokovih prednosti in izzivov pri participaciji, izvedba celovite ocene, oblikovanje hipotez, oblikovanje ciljev, določitev instrumentov za preverjanje izzidov, načrt obravnave, izvajanje obravnave in preverjanje rezultatov ter spremljanje napredka. Rezultati: Največji napredek je deklica dosegla pri sedenju za mizo, zmanjšalo se je impulzivno vedenje, čas sedenja za mizo, tako v šoli kot doma za izvajanje šolskih nalog, se je podaljšal. Manj napredka je dosegla pri učenju pisanih črk, učenju vezanja vezalk in umivanju zob. Razprava in zaključek: Model oblikovanja odločitev je na otroka usmerjena metoda in se lahko med obravnavo spreminja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, delovna terapija, model oblikovanja odločitev, senzorna integracija, senzorne strategije, lestvica doseganja ciljev
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[E. Alekić]
Number of pages:42 str., [17] str. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:615.851
COBISS.SI-ID:65809923 This link opens in a new window
Views:85
Downloads:30
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Improving participation in child with behavioral problems : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: a child with a sensory integration disorder finds it difficult to understand what is going on inside and outside his body, as his central nervous system does not process sensoy inflows more successfully. These sensory informations from the environment often motivates them, sometimes they dont perceive them at all or they may look for certain stimulations that direct them to form behaviors that are different or unacceptable to their environment. Purpose: the purpose of this study is to use the data decision making model as help in researching the reasons for inappropriate patterns of child behavior and findings in the areas of sensory processing that occur in motor sensory integrations. Methods: in this diploma work, we used a case study based on a seven year old girl with difficulties in processing sensory inflows. We used data driven decision making model. The model contains a sequence of organized steps: identifying the child's strengths in the challenges of participation, conducting a comprehensive assessment, formulating hypotheses, setting goals, defining instruments for checking outcomes, a treatment plan, conducting treatment to verify results, and monitoring progress. Results: The girl made the most progress in sitting at a desk, much less frequent impulsive behavior, more hours of success at the desk in school lessons and performing school assignments. She made less progress in learning to write letters, learning to tie laces, and brushing her teeth. Discussion and conclusion: Data driven decision making model is a method that is indvidually adapted to children and, if necessary, it changes during the treatment.

Keywords:diploma theses, occupational therapy, data driven decision making, sensory integration, sensory strategies, goal achiviement scale

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