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Comparative analysis of bio-intermediates and waste-derived fuels in experimental gas turbine
ID Rosec, Žiga (Avtor), ID Dias, Véronique (Avtor), ID Contino, Francesco (Avtor), ID Katrašnik, Tomaž (Avtor), ID Seljak, Tine (Avtor)

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Izvleček
The paper presents a first comparative analysis of emission formation phenomena of three different bioliquids, derived from low-cost waste streams while utilizing the same gas turbine-based experimental setup. A consistent and unbiased comparison is ensured by the application of the same experimental test rig featuring only those minor fuel-based adaptations, which are required to ensure the most favorable operation of each of the analyzed fuels. This provides the direct comparative data between combustion performance of liquefied wood, obtained through solvolysis process, glycerol, and waste liquor from nanocellulose production which were previously tested in various combustion systems, hence making a direct evaluation of fuel%s suitability difficult. The study focuses on the analysis of all key thermodynamic parameters and significant emission species covering CO, NOx, HC particulate matter, and soot as well as identification of underlying phenomena for observed emission trends. These indicate that for NOx emissions, a good correlation exists to the stoichiometric ratio of the fuels, where a low stoichiometric ratio results in lower NOx emissions, provided that oxygen content is the main diluent and fuel-bound nitrogen is low. As all tested fuels feature oxygen content above 43%, this enables a large improvement in NOx-CO trade off, as CO emissions are reduced with higher peak combustion temperatures while minimally increasing NOx emissions. Similar observations are made for particulate matter%NOx trade off; however, the ash content significantly impacts the particulate matter emission, hence reducing the potential for clean combustion of waste liquor. In the case of glycerol with no ash content, soot emissions areminimal and for an order ofmagnitude lower than for benchmark diesel fuel, as there are numerous phenomena effectively reducing their formation and increasing their oxidation. The presented research confirms that utilization of bio-intermediates and waste-derived fuels in appropriate combustion setups can, beside a low CO2 footprint, feature also very low emissions of other pollutant species, providing that fuels feature high oxygen content, low ash content, and low nitrogen content. With such approach, it is possible to achieve clean combustion that is fully in line with circular economy guidelines.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:bioliquids, oxygenated fuels, emissions, particulate matter, gas turbine, waste-derived fuels, combustion
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FS - Fakulteta za strojništvo
Leto izida:2020
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Št. strani:Str. 1-14
Številčenje:Vol. 6, art. 71
UDK:621.43(045)
ISSN pri članku:2297-3079
DOI:10.3389/fmech.2020.00071 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:27892227 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Avtorske pravice:
© 2020 Rosec, Dias, Contino, Katrašnik and Seljak
Datum objave v RUL:19.04.2021
Število ogledov:203
Število prenosov:92
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Frontiers in mechanical engineering
Skrajšan naslov:Front. mech. eng.
Založnik:Frontiers Media S.A.
ISSN:2297-3079
COBISS.SI-ID:525490713 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:19.04.2021

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:biotekočine, oksigenirana goriva, izpusti škodljivih snovi, izpusti delcev, plinska turbina, goriva iz odpadkov, zgorevanje

Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:P2-0401
Naslov:Energetsko strojništvo

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:Z2-1862
Naslov:Zgorevanje brez okoljskega odtisa za proizvodnjo zelene energije

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:802-7/2019
Naslov:Young researcher program

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