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Sadje kot pomemben del otrokove prehrane
ID Veternik, Petra (Author), ID Usenik, Valentina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Černič Istenič, Majda (Comentor)

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Abstract
Cilj magistrske naloge je bil raziskati uživanje sadja med osnovnošolci zadnje triade. Zanimal nas je vnos sadja, ovrednoten glede na priporočeni dnevni vnos ter mesto sadja v prehrani osnovnošolcev. Zbiranje podatkov je potekalo z metodo anketnega spletnega vprašalnika od aprila do junija 2020. Slučajni vzorec je zajemal 99 osnovnošolcev 7., 8. in 9. razreda Osnovne šole Trzin. Zbrane podatke smo analizirali z opisnimi statistikami in jih prikazali s povprečji, frekvencami in grafičnimi predstavitvami. Statistično značilne povezave med spremenljivkami smo preverili s Pearsonovim hi-kvadrat preizkusom ali Kullbackovim 2Ȋ preizkusom. Rezultati naše raziskave kažejo, da največ anketiranih zaužije 3 kose sadja dnevno. Sadje najpogosteje jejo doma, kjer ga glede na rezultate, pojejo največ. Vnos sadja je v primerjavi s prehranskimi priporočili, kljub številnim intervencijam, še vedno nezadosten. Z vidika spola in starosti anketiranih pri vnosu sadja ni značilnih razlik. Iz rezultatov je razvidno tudi, da med zaužitjem svežega sadja in izostankom od pouka ni povezave. Anketirani imajo rajši izbor svežega sadja kot izdelke iz sadja (suho sadje, sok, kompot, marmelada, sadno-žitna ploščica) ne glede na njihov spol in starost.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, prehranske navade, osnovnošolci, sadje, sadni izdelki, hranilna vrednost, uživanje sadja, shema šolskega sadja, vpliv na zdravje, kronično-nenalezljive bolezni
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publisher:[P. Veternik]
Year:2021
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-125395 This link opens in a new window
UDC:613.2-053.5:634.1/.7
COBISS.SI-ID:56592387 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:13.03.2021
Views:870
Downloads:149
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Fruit as an important part of a child's diet
Abstract:
The aim of the master's thesis was to explore fruit consumption among primary school children of the last triad. We were interested in fruit intake, evaluated according to the recommended daily fruit intake and the placement of fruits in the diet of primary school children. The data collection was carried out with the online survey questionnaire from April to June 2020. The random sample included 99 children from grade 7, 8 and 9 of Primary school Trzin. The collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and presented in the form of mean values, frequencies and graphs. Statistically significant associations between variables were tested using the Pearson Chi-Square test or the Kullback 2Ȋ test. The results of our research show that most respondents eat 3 pieces of fruits per day. Fruits are most often eaten at home, where, according to the results, it is eaten the most. Fruit intake in comparison to dietary recommendations, despite the numerous interventions, is still insufficient. Based on gender and age, there are no significant differences between respondents in fruit intake. The results also show that there is no connection between eating fresh fruits and class absences. The surveyed respondents prefer a selection of fresh fruit more than fruit products (dried fruit, juice, compote, jam, fruit-cereal bar) regardless of their gender and age.

Keywords:nutrition, eating habits, primary school children, fruit, fruit products, nutritional value, fruit consumption, school fruit scheme, health impact, chronic non-communicable diseases

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