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Control of light by topological solitons in soft chiral birefringent media
Hess, Andrew J. (Avtor), Poy, Guilhem (Avtor), Tai, Jung-Shen B. (Avtor), Žumer, Slobodan (Avtor), Smalyukh, Ivan I. (Avtor)

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URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://journals.aps.org/prx/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevX.10.031042 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
In practically all branches of physics, different types of solitons, with a number of them enjoying topological protection, are found. Here we explore how one- and two-dimensional topological solitons formed by spatially localized continuous orientational patterns of optical axis in uniaxial birefringent media interact with light. These solitons, in the forms of one-dimensional twist walls and two-dimensional skyrmions, are controllably generated in thin films of cholesteric liquid crystals to introduce spatially localized patterns of effective refractive index. Laser light interacts with these solitons as quasiparticles or extended interfaces of different effective refractive indices seen by ordinary and extraordinary waves propagating within the liquid-crystal medium. Despite our system’s complex nature, our findings can be paralleled with the familiar phenomena of total reflection and refraction at interfaces of optically distinct media, albeit these behaviors arise in a medium with homogeneous density and chemical composition but with spatial variations of molecular and optical-axis orientations. By exploiting the facile response of liquid crystals to external stimuli, we show that the twist walls and skyrmions can be used to steer laser beams and to act as lenses and other optical elements, which can be reconfigured by low-voltage fields and other means. Analytical and numerical modeling, with the latter based on free-energy-minimizing configurations of the topological solitons, closely reproduce our experimental findings. The fundamental insights provided by this work potentially can be extended also to three-dimensional solitons, such as Hopfions, and may lead to technological applications of optical-axis topological solitons in telecommunications, nanophotonics, electro-optics, and so on.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:soft matter physics, liquid crystals, solitons, optics
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FMF - Fakulteta za matematiko in fiziko
Leto izida:2020
Št. strani:str. 031042-1-031042-27
Številčenje:Vol. 10, iss. 3
UDK:538.9
ISSN pri članku:2160-3308
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevX.10.031042 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:26693891 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Licenca:CC BY 4.0
To delo je dosegljivo pod licenco Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Število ogledov:108
Število prenosov:86
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Physical review
Skrajšan naslov:Phys. rev., X
Založnik:American Physical Society
ISSN:2160-3308
COBISS.SI-ID:19686152 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Financer:EC - European Commission
Program financ.:H2020
Številka projekta:834256
Naslov:Interacting optical and topological solitons in frustrated cholesterics
Akronim:OPTOSOL

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:P1-0099
Naslov:Fizika mehkih snovi, površin in nanostruktur

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:fizika mehke snovi, tekoči kristali, solitoni, optika

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