Management practices that influence the welfare of calves on small family farms
ID Relić, Renata (Author), ID Starič, Jože (Author), ID Ježek, Jožica (Author)

URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-dairy-research/article/management-practices-that-influence-the-welfare-of-calves-on-small-family-farms/6C4EDB4E6057F5584A2621BB985FDB8E This link opens in a new window

In this Research Reflection we review management practices in small family farms with less than 100 cows. Small farms represent the majority of farms in the EU and the world, and they are of great importance for the economy of a country. On cattle farms, the welfare of calves is of primary importance for the profitability of the herd, and poor management is one of the main factors influencing calf health and survival. Data on the risk factors for calf welfare issues in small-scale farms are limited. For this purpose, the literature data from six world countries were presented and compared, including Serbia and Slovenia where a survey related to the issue was carried out within the COST Action FA1308, DairyCare. Some practices within the following areas in calf management were considered: calving management, care for new-born calves, use of painful procedures, colostrum management, cow–calf separation, calf feeding, weaning, calf housing, and general monitoring. In each of the countries, the health and welfare of calves are threatened by some omissions in rearing practices and the major are related to the new-born calf management, the feeding and watering management, and the application of hygienic measures. Many farmers are well aware of the importance of proper calf rearing; others would need more incentive to improve calf management. Each country should pay attention to the education of farmers about the most common deficiencies in calf management.

Keywords:Calves, health, management, small farms, welfare
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:VF - Veterinary Faculty
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:Str. 93-98
Numbering:Vol. 87, suppl. S1
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-118705 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:0022-0299
DOI:10.1017/S0022029920000539 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:26059523 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:31.08.2020
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Journal of Dairy Research
Shortened title:J. Dairy Res.
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
COBISS.SI-ID:6400007 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:31.08.2020


Funder:EC - European Commission
Project number:COST Action FA1308

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