In the following thesis i would like to draw attention to loads on the shoulder joint during a basketball game and present the most common shoulder injuries of male and female basketball players.
The thesis is a monographic type of work. While collecting the material for the thesis, I used mostly foreign sources. In the introduction, I first presented the basic characteristics of the basketball, the load on the shoulder joint during game and the composition of the shoulder joint.
Shoulder joint injuries are not the most common in basketball, nevertheless they also occur. The most frequent is instability of the shoulder joint, which also includes dislocations of glenohumeral joint. Other injuries that affect basketball players are also impingement syndrome, rotator cuff injury and labrum tear.
Risk factors for shoulder injury include deficits in internal rotation of glenohumeral joint, deficits in rotator cuff muscle strength and scapular dyskinesia. Mentioned mobility or strength in the shoulder joint can be determined by functional tests.
Within the discussion we highlighted warm-up exercises with an elastic band to prepare the shoulder joint for basketball training or strength training. We formed a preventive exercise program for the shoulder joint, which includes content for mobility, joint stability, strength development and plyometric exercise. The entire program must be executed with the implementation of correct movement patterns.
The gathered information will be a great help for the basketball coaches, kinesiologists and all basketball players who experience shoulder joint injuries. They represent a systematic overview of the anatomy, loads and types of shoulder joint injuries. The content of the master's thesis will be very helpful in planning the practice for a healthy and functional shoulder joint of basketball players.