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Mestna prometna infrastruktura v dobi avtonomnih vozil : magistrsko delo
Bračko, Urban (Author), Lipar, Peter (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Hiter razvoj tehnologije močno vpliva na naša življenja. Nenehen napredek doživlja tudi avtomobilska industrija, ki si na podlagi vgrajevanja različnih asistenčnih sistemov ves čas želi še dodatno povečati varnost in udobje vožnje. Z novimi tehnologijami izmenjave informacij ter za zaznavo prostora postaja popolna avtomatizacija vožnje naša neizogibna prihodnost. Takšen način odvijanja prometa skupaj z elektrifikacijo vozil prinaša številne prednosti in spremembe v infrastrukturi ter potovalnih navad. Ena od potencialnih možnosti je tudi uresničitev vizije 0. V magistrskem delu obravnavam avtonomno vožnjo z vidika gradbeništva. Sprva se posvetim pregledu področja inteligentnih transportnih sistemov. Na podlagi principov in omejitev njihovega delovanja predlagam rešitve na prometni infrastrukturi. Pri tem upoštevam obstoječe stanje in podam možnosti, ki bi se jih dalo najlažje implementirati. Osredotočim se na mestno okolje, kjer promet sestavljajo tudi pešci in kolesarji. V mesta bo prišel visoko avtomatizirani javni tirni promet, del javnega prevoza pa bodo tudi avtonomna vozila. Na ta način se bo močno povečala mobilnost otrok, starejših in gibalno oviranih. Trend delitve enega avtomobila ter komunikacija med vozili in nadzornimi centri bosta obenem zmanjšala število vozil ter praktično izničila potrebe po površinah za mirujoči promet. Da bi bile podane rešitve karseda relevantne, sem upošteval tudi trende v urbanizmu. Projektiranje z vidika pešca in zelena infrastruktura sta med najpomembnejšimi. Zavedati smo se začeli tudi pomena samooskrbe s hrano. Pričakovati je, da v prihodnosti z motornim prometom ne bodo obremenjene vse ulice. Cestno omrežje se bo preoblikovalo tako, da bo zagotavljalo ustrezno dostopnost in hkrati vzpodbujalo hojo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:avtonomna vozila, inteligentni sistemi, prometna varnost, urbanistični trendi, mestne površine
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Year:2020
Publisher:[U. Bračko]
UDC:656:71(497.4)(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:32098051 This link opens in a new window
Views:433
Downloads:237
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Urban Road Infrastructure in the Age of Autonomous Vehicles : master thesis
Abstract:
A quick development of technology vastly impacts our lifestyle. Car industry is witnessing exponential improvements thanks to the installation of driver-assistance systems which help to improve safety and comfort of driving. With new information and space detection technology full automation of driving is becoming our inevitable future. Along with the electrification this type of traffic flow will bring many advantages and changes to the infrastructure and traveling habits. One of the potentials is also the realization of vision 0. In the master thesis I deal with autonomous driving from the perspective of civil engineering. An overview of intelligent transport systems is carried out. Based on their way of functioning and limitations I suggest some solutions for the traffic infrastructure that are easy to implement. I focus on urban environment that involves pedestrians and cyclists. Highly automated light rail will enter the cities and autonomous vehicles will also be a part of public transport. In this wise higher mobility for children, elderly and disabled will be achieved. The service of car sharing and the exchange of information will both reduce the number of vehicles and eliminate the needs for parking surfaces. In order to provide the most relevant ideas, I included some trends in urban planning. A full advantage will be devoted to pedestrians and green infrastructure. The consciousness for the importance of food self-supply is being regained. Thus it is expected that road networks will be transformed, prohibiting the access for all of the vehicles.

Keywords:autonomous vehicles, intelligent systems, traffic safety, planning trends, urban surfaces

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