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INDUSTRIJA 4.0 V LOGISTIKI
Mervič, Matija (Author), Krmac, Evelin (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Industrija se je razvila po agrarni revoluciji. Po iznajdbi parnega stroja, elektrifikaciji, vpeljavi tekočega traku in digitalni revoluciji, je prišel čas za četrto industrijsko revolucijo ali Industrijo 4.0, ki prinaša nove tehnologije in koncepte, kot so kiber-fizični sistemi, računalništvo v oblaku, internet stvari, oplemenitena resničnost, simulacije, aditivna proizvodnja, umetna inteligenca in veliko podatkovje. Razvoj industrije se kaže tudi v logistiki in prometu. Uporaba tehnologij četrte industrijske revolucije omogoča izboljšanje in poenostavitev logističnih in prometnih procesov. To je mogoče zaradi velike dostopnosti do podatkov, preglednosti nad dogajanjem, samodejnim vodenjem procesov in napredne komunikacije med napravami in na relaciji človek – stroj. Velike spremembe v prihodnosti bo lahko povzročila uporaba različnih vrst avtonomnih transportnih sredstev, tudi letalnikov, ki so še posebej priročni za lokalno distribucijo in distribucijo na težko dostopnih območjih, torej tudi pri izvajanju humanitarne logistike, ki skrbi za dostavo potrebščin na območja, ki so se znašla v krizi in tako pomaga ljudem. Principe Industrije 4.0 lahko vnesemo tudi v farmacevtsko in bolniško logistiko. Sicer pa napredna tehnologija ogroža delovna mesta in sproža potrebe po drugačnih poklicih, hkrati pa po svoje skrbi tudi za okolje, saj se na primer ob bolj učinkoviti organizaciji transporta, zmanjša število praznih voženj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Četrta industrijska revolucija, pametna logistika, avtonomna vozila, Industrija 4.0 v humanitarni in farmacevtski logistiki, umetna inteligenca, računalništvo v oblaku v logistiki
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FPP - Faculty of Maritime Studies and Transport
Year:2020
Views:1089
Downloads:398
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:INDUSTRY 4.0 IN LOGISTICS
Abstract:
The industrial field was developed after agrarian revolution. After the invention of steam engine, electrification, conveyor belt and digital revolution, it is time for the fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0, which brings new technologies and concepts like cyber-physical systems, cloud computing, the internet of things, augmented reality, simulations, additive manufacturing, artificial intelligence and Big data. The development of industry is visible also in logistics and traffic. The use of the technologies of Industry 4.0 enables the improvement and simplification of logistic and traffic processes. This is possible due to the high availability of data, process transparency, automatic process control and advanced communication between devices and on human-machine relations. Major changes in the future may be caused by the use of different types of autonomous means of transport, including drones, which are convenient for local distribution and distribution in hard-to-reach areas, so they can be used also in humanitarian logistics for delivering of supplies to areas in crisis and that is the way of helping people. Industry 4.0 principles can also be integrated into pharmaceutical and hospital logistics. Otherwise, advanced technology is endangering jobs and triggering the need for different occupations, on the other hand, it can help in saving environment, for example, by more efficient transport arrangements it is possible to reduce the number of empty truck's journeys.

Keywords:Fourth Industrial Revolution, Smart Logistics, Autonomous Vehicles, Industry 4.0 in Humanitarian and Pharmaceutical Logistics, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing in Logistics

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