Introduction: Knowledge of different conceptual model and approaches in occupational therapy is important because it enables variety of concepts and sources for the occupational therapy session. Occupational therapist plans the therapy through the observation of the Child, of the environment and through the interaction of both. Occupational therapist also observes the child's capacity of everyday activities performance, based on those observations the decision of the most appropriate model or approach is made. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to understand which conceptual models and approaches in occupational therapy are in academic articles used for children and youth? What are the findings of the research regarding their cases in / or different? Methods: The method used in thesis is literature review. Inclusion criteria that were used in thesis were: one or more conceptual models or/and approaches were introduces in article, introduces ways of good practice, the article was not older than 10 years. Results: For the purpose of the thesis, 73 articles were read. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria 15 were used, with that articles we could determine the usefulness of conceptual models and approaches in practice. Conceptual model and approaches in child and adolescent occupational therapy that were used the most in treatment was approach CO-OP, Ayres sensory integration, neurodevelopmental approach and model OTSBC Discussion and conclusion:. In Slovenia, there is only few published research about this topic and that is the reason, why we cannot compare it on an international scale. Never the last our finding is the most used model in Slovenia is Ayres sensory integration and CO-OP, which are also the most efficient. All of the models and approaches were efficient, although there were issues such as lack of time, method not fit for the diagnosis and similar.