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Paget-Schroetterjev sindrom in vadba : magistrsko delo
Miklavec, Lucija (Author), Dervišević, Edvin (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Paget-Schroetterjev sindrom (PSS) predstavlja eno najpogostejših venskih patologij pri mladih zdravih posameznikih, ki se redno ukvarjajo z vadbo, in postaja vse pomembnejši klinični problem v svetu športa. Gre za zelo redko diagnozo globoke venske tromboze aksilarno-subklavialne vene, ki se največkrat pojavi v dominantni zgornji okončini kot posledica napornih telesnih dejavnosti, ki vključujejo intenzivno, izčrpajoče in ponavljajoče se gibanje zgornjih okončin. Pomembni so hitro prepoznavanje simptomov in znakov, čimprejšnja postavitev diagnoze ter začetek zdravljenja z uvedbo antikoagulantne terapije, saj se lahko zgodi, da zaradi razmeroma nizke incidence in neprepoznavnosti tega bolezenskega stanja ostane sindrom pri mladih neprepoznan in s tem tudi prepozno diagnosticiran. Glavni namen magistrskega dela je bil ozavestiti mlade športnike, strokovne delavce v športu, sedanje in bodoče kineziologe o možnosti pojava tega bolezenskega stanja pri različnih športnih aktivnostih, ki vključujejo predvsem ponavljajoče se gibanje zgornjih okončin, ter jih usmeriti v zgodnje prepoznavanje simptomov in znakov. Pri pisanju smo si pomagali s tujo literaturo, predvsem z znanstvenimi članki na temo »effort thrombosis« in »Paget-Schroetter syndrome«. V uvodu smo opredelili širše področje raziskovanja z opisom venske tromboze, v nadaljevanju pa smo na podlagi tujih znanstvenih člankov, ki so vsebovali različne klinične primere, podrobneje opisali Paget-Schroetterjev sindrom v povezavi z različnimi športnimi aktivnostmi. Osrednji primer magistrskega dela je predstavljal klinični primer, ki se je nanašal na lastne izkušnje diagnosticirane globoke venske tromboze aksilarno- subklavialne vene zgornje okončine. Na podlagi tega smo natančneje opisali in poudarili, da so pri zdravljenju mladih športno aktivnih posameznikov ključnega pomena identifikacija sprožilnega dejavnika venske tromboze zgornjih okončin ter različna priporočila in možne omejitve glede izbranih športnih aktivnostih.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Paget-Schroetterjev sindrom, venska tromboza, aksilarno-subklavialna vena, zgornje okončine, mladi zdravi posamezniki, športne aktivnosti
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2020
COBISS.SI-ID:14448899 Link is opened in a new window
Views:450
Downloads:166
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Paget-Schroetter Syndrome and exercise
Abstract:
Paget-Schroetter Syndrome (PSS) is one of the most frequent vein pathologies in young and healthy individuals who exercise regularly, and is becoming an increasingly important clinical problem in the sports world. This is a very rare diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis of axillary-subclavian vein that most frequently occurs in the dominant upper limb and is a result of strenuous physical activities that include intense, debilitating and repetitive movements of upper limbs. It is important to quickly recognize symptoms and signs, as well as fast diagnosis and beginning of treatment using anticoagulant therapy. Due to the condition’s relatively low incidence and unrecognizability, this syndrome remains unrecognized in young and therefore the diagnosis is too late. The main purpose of the master’s thesis was to raise awareness of young athletes, professional workers in sport, and present and future kinesiologists about the possibility of occurrence of this medical condition in various sports activities that mostly include repetitive movements of upper limbs, and direct them into early recognition of symptoms and signs. We used foreign literature, mainly scientific papers dealing with “effort thrombosis” and “Paget-Schroetter Syndrome”. In introduction, we defined a wider research area by description of vein thrombosis. Further, we described Paget-Schroetter Syndrome in relation to various sports activities. The description is based on foreign scientific papers that contains different clinical cases. The central part of the master’s thesis consists of a clinical case relating to own experience of the diagnosed deep vein thrombosis of axillary-subclavian vein in the upper limb. Based on this we described in details and highlighted that identification of the triggering factor of vein thrombosis of upper limbs and various recommendations and potential limitations regarding the chosen sports activities are of key importance in treatment of young and active individuals.

Keywords:Paget-Schroetter Syndrome, vein thrombosis, axillary-subclavian vein, upper limbs, young healthy individuals, sports activities

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