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Contrasting patterns of natural mortality in primary Picea forests of the Carpathian Mountains
Synek, Michal (Avtor), Janda, Pavel (Avtor), Mikoláš, Martin (Avtor), Nagel, Thomas Andrew (Avtor), Schurman, Jonathan S. (Avtor), Pettit, Joseph L. (Avtor), Trotsiuk, Volodymyr (Avtor), Morrissey, Robert C. (Avtor), Bače, Radek (Avtor), Čada, Vojtěch (Avtor)

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2019.117734 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
Mortality, driven by both climate and disturbance legacies, is a key process shaping forest dynamics. Understanding the mortality patterns in primary forests in theabsence of severe disturbances provides information on background natural dynamics of a given forest type under ongoing climate change. This can thenbecompared to mortality rates in severely-disturbed stands. Using a large number of sample plots along a gradient from low to high disturbance, we examined themortality rates and composition of mortality agents in primary mountain Norway spruce (Picea abies(L.) Karst.) forests on different spatial scales. We evaluated themortality rates and causes of mortality in 28 stands across a large geographical gradient spanning over 1000 km. We resampled (five-year period) 371 plots (16,287living trees) in primary Norway spruce forests along the Carpathian mountain chain. The estimated overall annual mortality rate was within the previously reportedrange of background (ambient) mortality, however, stand-level and plot-level mortality rates varied substantially. Over 18% of plots displayed more than 2% annualmortality and 6% of plots even exceeded 10% per year. Stands in the Western Carpathians showed the highest variability in the mortality rate, with 30% of the standsin this region showing annual mortality rates over 5%. At the plot level, mixed-severity disturbances increased variability of mortality rates within most localities.Overall mortality was evenly distributed among size classes up to 50 cm diameter at breast height (DBH). However, the distributions differ for individual mortalityagents. Mortality modes were classified into six categories (broken crown, broken stem, uprooted, competition, bark beetle/fungi, climatic extremes). Bark beetle (IpstypographusL.) infestation was the most frequent mortality agent in all stands, whereas the influence of competition as a mortality agent varied substantially.Mortality from abiotically-caused physical damage was similar to that from competition, yet the distribution among modes of physical damage (uprooted, crown, orstem breakage) varied. The lack of clear evidence of mortality agents in some locations implies that many tree deaths are caused by a combination of contributingfactors. The results suggest the role of bark beetle as a mortality agent does not equate to severe mortality at large scales. Prevalence of different size classes affectedby individual mortality agents underline the high complexity of the mortality process in primary forests.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:primary forest, old-growth, mortality, spruce, Picea
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2020
Št. strani:9 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 457
UDK:630*22:630*18
ISSN pri članku:0378-1127
DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2019.117734 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:5584806 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:170
Število prenosov:90
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Forest Ecology and Management
Skrajšan naslov:For. Ecol. Manage.
Založnik:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-1127
COBISS.SI-ID:25479680 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:pragozdovi, mortaliteta, smreka, Picea

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