The state or the local self-government with its service function in the public legal regime provides certain services and goods that cannot be left to the market due to public interest and public need. These may be carried out by domestic and foreign natural or juridical persons. One of these services is the healthcare system, which is of major importance to the well-being of each individual as well as the entire population.
The medical activity may be carried out in the form of a public institution or in the form of a natural or juridical person based on a concession. The purpose of this diploma thesis is to investigate how and in what way are these concessions granted and implemented. The theoretical part with the help of a descriptive method describes the concept of public service, the concept of concession and how it is implemented in the healthcare system. The advantages and disadvantages of the concessionary public health service and the position of the concessionaires in relation to public institutions are also explained. Based on the comparative analysis, the data on the condition of the concessionaires in Slovenia and the problems of legal regulation in granting concessions are compared. Most of the goals in the diploma thesis are achieved where interesting results have been found. It was found that the number of concessionaires increased over the years, as did private expenditures as a percentage of gross domestic product. One of the main reasons that influenced this growth was profit. Another interesting fact is, that in the past, concessions were being awarded in a non-transparent manner, without the consent of the ministry of health and at the disposal of the parties, the main reasons being the optional concession act and public tender.