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Spremembe izbranih kategorij rabe tal na Veliki planini v zadnjih stotih letih
Vogrin, Domen (Author), Repe, Blaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Raba tal je delovanje človeka v pokrajini in opis njenega stanja ter njenih značilnosti. Dodatne informacije o pokrajini lahko pridobimo s primerjanjem rabe tal v različnih časovnih obdobjih. Dobro poznavanje zgodovine in pokrajine nam omogoča ugotavljanje vzrokov in razlogov za spremembe rabe tal. V magistrskem delu smo skušali ugotoviti, na katerih območjih je prišlo v zadnjih 100 letih do sprememb v rabi tal in poraščenosti z gozdom ali rušjem ter hkrati ugotoviti vzroke zanje. Za obravnavano območje, ki se v večjem delu nahaja na planoti Velike planine, smo zbrali ustrezne podatke, kartografsko gradivo in starejše fotografije. S pomočjo geografskih informacijskih sistemov smo analizirali podatke o dejanski rabi tal in digitalne ortofoto posnetke proučevanega območja. Izveden je bil tudi terenski pregled območja, med katerim smo opravili metodo ponovljenih fotografij pokrajine, ki je bila izvedena na 24 lokacijah. Na podlagi vseh metod so bile kot končni rezultat izdelane tri karte, ki prikazujejo območja, na katerih je prišlo do največjih sprememb v rabi tal ter poraščenosti z gozdom ali rušjem. Izdelana je bila tudi preglednica, ki prikazuje pozitivne in negativne učinke krčenja gozda in rušja na proučevanem območju. Glavna ugotovitev je, da se na območju Velike planine površine porasle z rušjem in gozdovi krčijo, kar pa je posledica zlasti človekovega delovanja in v manjši meri tudi narave, predvsem vetrolomov. Krčenje gozdov in rušja pa omogoča širjenje travnikov in pašnikov, ki so naravni habitat ogroženih rastlinskih vrst ter endemitov, kot je kamniška murka (Nigritella lithopolitanica), kamniški luk (Allium kermesinum), Zoisova zvončica (Campanula Zoysii) in navadna arnika (Primula auricula), ki so značilni za proučevano območje Velike planine.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:raba tal, metoda ponovne fotografije, geografski informacijski sistemi, deforestacija, endemit, Velika planina.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2019
Views:287
Downloads:143
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Changes of selected categories of land use on the Velika planina high plateau in the last hundred years
Abstract:
Land use is the human activity in the landscape and description of the conditions and characteristics of the landscape. Additional information of the landscape can be obtained by comparing land use at different periods. Good knowledge of history and landscape enables us to identify causes and reasons for change of land use. With master's thesis, we tried to determine in which areas there were changes in the land use and areas covered with forest or dwarf mountain pines in the last 100 years, and at the same time, we tried to identify the causes for them. For the studied area, which is mostly on the plateau of Velika planina, we have collected relevant data, cartographic material and old photographs. Using geographic information systems, we analyzed the land use and orthophotos of the studied area. A fieldwork was performed on the studied area, during which we performed the method of repeat photography of the landscape, which was done in 24 locations. Based on all methods, three maps were produced as the result, showing the areas in which the largest changes of land use and changes of areas covered with forest and dwarf mountain pine occurred. A table was also produced showing the positive and negative effects of the deforestation of forest and dwarf mountain pines in the studied area. The main finding is that on the plateau of Velika planina the areas covered with dwarf mountain pines and forest are shrinking, due human activity and because of nature, especially because of windstorms. The deforestation of forests and dwarf mountain pines enables the spread of meadows and pastures, which are natural habitat of endangered plants and endemites, such as Kamnik Orchid (Nigritella lithopolitanica), Kamnik Leek (Allium kermesinum), Zois's Bellflower (Campanula Zoysii) and auricula (Primula auricula), which are typical for plateau of Velika planina.

Keywords:land use, method of repeat photography, geographic information systems, deforestation, endemite, Velika planina.

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