The master's thesis attempts to illuminate the importance of the functioning and structure of the ASIŽZ district committee for the Trieste district in 1945-1946. The Trieste district consists of four counties: Milje, Sežana, Nabrežina and Tržič. The author presents the historical background of Adriatic area. After the war, it was necessary to decide on a new demarcation of the Julian Territory, which was pursued by the Allied Military Administration (AMG) and the pro-Yugoslav camp. The latter wanted the annexation of Trieste to Yugoslavia while AMG to Italy. Despite the competition that has developed between Slovenes and Italians, the fraternity between them was supported, and maintaining it, was also one of the most important points of the ASIŽZ program. Later on, the author describes the female role in the resistance movement and after war and how it changed in Slovenia, Yugoslavia and the Julian March. The breaking of traditional gender roles, obtaining the right to vote and accepting new women's tasks were the events that influenced the functioning of the ASIŽZ. Last but not least, there is a description of those anti-fascist women's mass organizations (Union of Slovene Antifascist Women, later renamed AFŽ, Unione donne italiane (UDI) in Italy and the Antifascist Italo-Slovene Union (SIAU), which united Slovenes and Italians) that have influenced the development of ASIŽZ. The author argues that ASIŽZ played a key role in supporting women in general, in raising political awareness and in emancipation. Proof of this is also the increase in the number of female members thanks to the hard work which was done by individual sections within the organization: Social Welfare, Culture, Education, Politics and Agitprop.