Fire safety is highly regulated area where the state, as a legislator, has to primarily ensure the safety of people, especially in public buildings or gatherings with a lot of first timers or occasional visitors, unaware of the possible dangers and uninformed of the ways to act in case the fire breaks out. Pharmacies definitely are premises that fit this description.
The thesis consists of two parts. The aim of the first part is to get acquainted with general informations, goals and measures of fire safety. It introduces legislation, active fire safety system and basics of combustion and fire extinguishing. Understanding basic facts and theories presented in the first part is crucial for understanding the second part of the thesis where the compliance of the building with regard to the built-in active fire safety system has been checked, the potentially flammable substances, stored at the pharmacy premises, specified, and project solutions for effective intervention and fire extinguishing reviewed.
After a detailed examination and analysis of the state of fire safety in a pharmacy building, it has been concluded, that there is a sufficient number of fire extinguishers in the facility, each room is equipped with extract from Fire Safety Policy and Evacuation Plan, and evacuation routes are transient and appropriately marked. The premises are fitted with detectors connected to the central station that is being supervised 24/7 due to the pharmacy duty service. Therefore the result of the Pharmacy Fire Risk Assessment shows level 1 threat meaning that at the pharmacy premises there is a very low fire risk.
In a conclusion certain organisational measures have been defined and recommended to be implemented in order to improve fire prevention because the prime goal of fire safety is to protect people, property and environment.