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Skrb za zdravje starejših v občini Škofja Loka : diplomsko delo
Hafner, Sara (Author), Kavčič, Matic (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Vse hitrejše staranje prebivalstva predstavlja težavne izzive za družine, izvajalce zdravstvenih storitev, vlado in družbo. Starejši imajo vse številčnejše in težje zdravstvene težave, zato je pomembno ohranjati in izboljševati njihovo zdravje, ne samo zaradi preprečitve kroničnih bolezni, ampak tudi zaradi večjega prispevka k njihovi samostojnosti in udeležbi v družini ter družbenih aktivnostih. Namen: Pridobivanje podatkov glede zdravstvenega stanja občanov, zdravstvenega varstva in drugih povezanih dejavnikov je pomembno za načrtovanje življenja ljudi na različnih ravneh in delovanje lokalne skupnosti v dobrobit vseh, zato smo želeli raziskati okoliščine za zdravo življenje starejših ljudi v občini Škofja Loka in preučiti splet odgovornosti za zdravje starejših med skupnostjo, zdravstvenim sistemom ter individualno odgovornostjo posameznika za svoj življenjski slog. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila kombinacija različnih tehnik, in sicer pregled literature, analiza dokumentov in intervjujev. Za zbiranje podatkov smo uporabili polstrukturirane ekspertne intervjuje. Pri izvedbi intervjuja so nam bila v pomoč glavna vprašanja odprtega tipa. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 10 posameznikov z določenimi družbenimi funkcijami na področju skrbi za starejše. Za analizo intervjujev smo uporabili kvalitativno analizo vsebine. Rezultati: Skozi kvalitativno analizo vsebine intervjujev smo izoblikovali sedem tem: potrebe in vloga starejših, fizična aktivnost starejših, socialne in bivanjske storitve namenjene starejšim, zdravstvene storitve namenjene starejšim, organizacije in njihova ponudba za starejše, dostopnost različnih storitev za starejše in povezovanje organizacij in društev v občini. Posamezniki, ki so sodelovali v raziskavi, so predstavili potrebe, vloge in gibalne navade starejših. Prikazali so socialno-bivanjske razmere in zdravstveno varstvo starejših ter nam razložili, kakšne so potrebe za izboljšanje stanja. Opisali so svojo ponudbo za starejše in povezovanje z drugimi ustanovami v občini, hkrati pa navedli tudi, kako dostopne se jim te storitve zdijo. Razprava in zaključek: V grobem so razmere za življenje starejših ljudi v občini Škofja Loka dobre, še posebej za tiste, ki so aktivni. Ko si stvari pobližje ogledamo, pridemo do spoznanja, da je potrebno še marsikaj izboljšati, še posebej za manj aktivne in bolne starejše. Kažejo se potrebe po ureditvi bivanjskih razmer in okrepitvi socialnih storitev, predvsem prostovoljstva. Izboljšati je potrebno informiranje starejših ter jih vključiti v digitalno družbo. Urediti je potrebno prevoze starejših. V prihodnje bo potrebno več pozornosti nameniti za izobraževanje starejših glede zdravega načina življenja, ki ga bi izvajale medicinske sestre.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:starostnik, zdravo staranje, zdravstvena nega, lokalna skupnost, občina Škofja Loka
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5676907 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:96
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Care for the health of the elderly in Škofja Loka municipality : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: The rapidly aging population presents hard challenges for families, healthcare providers, the government and entire communities. Older people have increasing number of serious health problems, so it is important to maintain and improve their health, not only to prevent chronic diseases, but also to contribute more to their independence and participation in family and social activities. Purpose: Obtaining data on the health status of citizens, health care and other related factors is important for planning people`s lives on different levels, so the local community impact benefits everyone. We wanted to explore the circumstances for the healthy life of the elderly in the municipality of Škofja Loka and to explore the web of responsibility for the health of the elderly between the community, the health system, and the individual's individual responsibility for his or her lifestyle. Methods: In our research, was used combination of different techniques, literature review, document analysis and interviews. Data was collected by semi-structured interviews. Open-ended main questions was used in conducting the interviews. In the research took part 10 individuals with specific social functions in the field of elderly care. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the date. Results: Qualitative content analysis revealed seven subjects: needs and roles of the elderly, physical activity of the elderly, social and living services for the elderly, health services for the elderly, organizations and their offer for the elderly, accessibility of the elderly to various services and networking of organizations and societies in the municipality. Individuals who participated in the survey presented the needs, roles and movement habits of the elderly. They showed the social, living and health conditions for the elderly, and explained to us what the needs are for improving current situation. They described their offer for the senior citizen and connections with other institutions in the municipality and stated what is accessibility like to these services. Discussion and conclusion: In general, the living conditions of the senior citizen in the municipality of Škofja Loka are good, especially for the active elderly. As we take a closer look, we come to the realization that there is a lot to be improved, especially for the less active and unhealthy elderly. There is a need to regulate the housing situation and to strengthen social services, especially volunteering. It is necessary to improve the provision of information to older people and to integrate them into the digital society. Transport for the elderly must be organised. It will be necessary in the future to increase the focus on educating older people on healthy lifestyles by nurses.

Keywords:elderly, healthy aging, nursing care, local community, municipality of Škofja Loka

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