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Škodljivi vplivi svinca
Zakrajšek, Nika (Author), Novosel, Barbara (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Diplomsko delo obravnava nevarnosti izpostavljenosti svincu in njegovim spojinam ter navaja možnosti, kako se izogniti škodljivim vplivom le-teh na človeka. Svinec je težka kovina, ki predstavlja nevarnost predvsem zaradi antropogenih virov emisij in je nevarna, ker se izpostavljenosti svincu pogosto sploh ne zavemo. V diplomskem delu sem predstavila lastnosti svinca, njegovo uporabo skozi zgodovino in s tem tudi možne vire izpostavljenosti. Opisala sem škodljive vplive svinca na posameznika ter predstavila posledice, ki jih svinec lahko pusti pri kratkotrajni in dolgotrajni izpostavljenosti. V Sloveniji je onesnaženost s svincem najbolj prisotna v Mežiški dolini, kjer se je z večletnim rudarjenjem svinec kopičil v okolju in še danes uničuje zdravje prebivalcev. V eksperimentalnem delu sem predstavila današnje stanje onesnaženosti v Mežiški dolini in opisala program ukrepov, ki so jih sprejeli, ter predlagala nekatere druge, dodatne ukrepe. Navezala sem se tudi na ukrepe sprejete v tujini. V nadaljevanju sem preučila poklic steklarja, ki je pri svojem delu izpostavljen svinčevemu oksidu. Z varnostno inženirko v Steklarni Rogaška sem izpolnila vprašalnik, ki sem ga sestavila, da bi se seznanila z varnostnimi ukrepi in s tem ocenila možnosti dviga ravni varnostne kulture v podjetju.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:svinec, viri izpostavljenosti, onesnaženje, zastrupitev, varnostni ukrepi.
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FKKT - Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:1538317763 Link is opened in a new window
Views:116
Downloads:29
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
The thesis examines the risks of exposure to lead and its compounds, and outlines how to avoid harmful effects on humans. Lead is a heavy metal that poses a threat mainly due to anthropogenic emission sources and is dangerous because many people don’t even know they are exposed. In the diploma thesis, I have presented the properties of lead, its use throughout history and hence possible sources of exposure. I described the harmful effects of lead on the individual and presented the effects that lead can leave on short and long-term exposure. In Slovenia, pollution with lead is most present in the Mežica valley, where lead has accumulated in the environment through long-term mining and is still destroying the health of the inhabitants. In the experimental work, I presented the present state of pollution in Mežica valley and described the program of measures that they accepted and proposed some other additional measures. I also associated with measures that were taken abroad. In the following, I examined the profession of a glassmaker who is exposed to lead in the profession of lead oxide. With a security engineer in Rogaška, I completed a questionnaire, which I prepared to familiarize myself with security measures, and thus to assess the possibilities of raising the level of security culture in the company.

Keywords:lead, sources of exposure, contamination, poisoning, safety measures.

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