The master’s thesis on the case of the Tjuntjuntjara community explores the influence of the modern society on the society of Australian indigenous people – Aboriginal people in Western Australia. Based on the various sources, we estimate the approximate time of the arrival of Aboriginal people to the Australian territory, and describe in detail the development and present state of the Aboriginal communities. Fieldwork was conducted to gain an important information about the organization and current problems of remote and urban communities. In addition, we also studied the geographical characteristics of regions where the communities are located. We discovered that the location contributes to the preservation of the traditional way of life of Aboriginal people in Western Australia, however, even in the most remote communities, the modern Western Society influences the Aboriginal tradition. The differences between urban and remote communities are mainly in the number of members, the presence of tradition and organization, and the geographical characteristics of the region. From the sociological perspective, we highlighted the major influences of Western Society on Aboriginal tradition in communities, including the influence of laws, schools, modern technology and complete financial dependence on state funding. Relationship between Aboriginal people and Western Societies is hierarchical, with the predominance of Western Society. The Tjuntjuntjara community is an example of a community with good practices of preserving the traditional life of the Aboriginal people. Nevertheless, the traditional life is becoming increasingly endangered by the on-going prevalence of Western Society in Western Australia.