In Track and Field, competition performance depends on various factors. Some of these can be monitored and can directly or nondirectly change the performance. These days top competition performance is not result of intuition and previous experiences. For best performance, training must be well organized and closely linked to new technological, research and organizational methods in the training process. However it is meaningful to use a laboratory testing, which results give us an insight of sportsman physical preparation in a given time.
The intention of reasearch was to investigate, how well, are individuals taken in research, physicaly prepared through whole track and field season. Also to measure body composition and physical dimensions. To measure lower body power, anaerobic power and capacity, aerobic capacity and blood values of Hx and HPRT encimes. Also to investigate if there exist some correllations between motor and functional measurements. At last we try to justify competition performance based on laboratory measurements.
Ten track and field athletes (four sprinters specialized in 100 and 200 metres and six runners specialized in 400 metres) participated in one year research. They were divided into two groups, according to their discipline of specialization.
After analysing all measurements, we found that the individuals physical fitness and body characteristics fluctuate during all track and field season. We found that there were some differences between research groups. Group of sprinters had greater body mass, tigh circumferences, skinfold thickness of abdomen and thigh, squat jump and drop jump high and anaerobic power and capacity, then group of runners on 400 metres. Less pronounced differences between groups were found in measuremet of skeletal muscle mass, fat mass and contact times in drop jump test. Group of runners on 400 metres dominate in test measuring aerobic capacity. We also found some differences between subjects in research group. These differences also results in different competition performances. We also found that is sensible and useful if we link together some laboratory measurements data and seek for cause of consequences. For more precise investigation of differences between groups we would need consistent informations about training process of subjects, which will give us insight about what cause different physical performance.
Overall, we found the significance difference between groups in first measurement in relative peak power during wingate test and in fourth measurement in squat jump and relative peak power in wingate test.
Main findings will be useful for national track and field coaches, to better organize and monitor training process.