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Motivi spremljevalcev otrok z motnjami v duševnem razvoju in cerebralno paralizo za delo na poletnih taborih : magistrsko delo
ID Cole, Andreja (Author), ID Žgur, Erna (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5729/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Magistrsko delo raziskuje motive spremljevalcev otrok z motnjami v duševnem razvoju (v nadaljevanju MDR) in cerebralno paralizo (v nadaljevanju CP) za delo na poletnih taborih. V teoretičnem delu smo opredelili pojem prostovoljstva in se dotaknili pomena prostovoljskega dela za osebe z MDR. Nadaljevali smo z opredelitvijo pojma motivacije, kjer smo navedli najpogostejše vplive nagrajevanja na motivacijo. Predstavili smo otroke s posebnimi potrebami, podrobneje opisali skupino motenj v duševnem razvoju in cerebralno paralizo ter opisali Zvezo društev za cerebralno paralizo Sonček. V empiričnem delu smo predstavili rezultate raziskave, narejene med 49 prostovoljci, ki so kot spremljevalci otrok z motnjami v duševnem razvoju in cerebralno paralizo opravljali delo v poletnih kolonijah društev Zveze Sonček. V raziskavi so sodelovali dijaki, študentje in zaposleni, z razponom starosti med 16 in 25 leti. Rezultate smo statistično obdelali in jih tabelarično ter opisno predstavili. Ugotovili smo, da so motivi posameznika za pristop k opravljanju prostovoljskega dela v društvih oseb z MDR in CP zelo raznoliki, a najpogosteje vezani na željo po pridobivanju znanj. Notranja motivacija in altruizem sta se pri udeležencih izkazala za temeljno gonilo prostovoljstva. Ugotovili smo tudi, da se med prostovoljce vključuje veliko več žensk kot moških. Razlogi za to so po naših ugotovitvah vezani na osebnostne lastnosti posameznika. Skupek empatije, samozavesti, sočutja, nežnosti in zaščitništva, pripisan pretežno ženskemu spolu, predstavlja del osebnostnih značilnosti in ključen člen pri sodelovanju v društvih oseb z MDR in CP. K sodelovanju so mladi največkrat povabljeni s strani prijateljic/jev, znank/cev, ki so se kolonij oseb z MDR in CP že udeležili in se v njih dobro, sprejeto počutili. Manj pa je tistih, ki se v društvo vključijo zaradi spletnega/časopisnega oglasa oz. so k sodelovanju povabljeni na šolski praksi. Potrdili smo, da poznavanje potreb in osveščenost o populaciji oseb s PP pomembno vpliva na prostovoljčevo odločitev in prispeva k enakovrednemu vključevanju »drugačnih« v družbo. Finančna nagrada posamezniku sicer res predstavlja dodaten zaslužek z občutkom koristi, a ne izraža pogoja, vzroka ali motiva za ponovno udeleženost.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:spremljevalci otrok, poletni tabori, prostovoljstvo, mladi, Sonček - Zveza društev za cerebralno paralizo, terapevtske kolonije, sodelovanje v društvih
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2019
Publisher:[A. Cole]
Number of pages:83 str.
UDC:376(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:12438089 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:17.06.2019
Views:567
Downloads:129
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Motives of companions of children with intellectual disabilities and cerebral palsy for work in summer camps
Abstract:
The master's thesis explores the motives of summer camp companions of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) and cerebral palsy (CP). In the theoretical part, the concept of volunteering is defined, and the impact of volunteering on people with IDs is touched upon. Then, the concept of motivation is explained, as well as the most frequent effects rewarding has on motivation. Moreover, children with special needs are described, and intellectual disabilities and cerebral palsy are looked into in more detail. Afterwards, Sonček – the Cerebral Palsy Association of Slovenia is also presented. In the empirical part of the thesis, the results of the research that was carried out on 49 volunteers who performed work as companions of children with intellectual disabilities and cerebral palsy in the summer camps of the Sonček Association are presented. Our research participants were high school students, university students and employees between 16 and 25 years of age. The results were statistically processed, presented in tabular form and described in detail. The research has shown that the individuals' motives for volunteering to work with people suffering from IDs and CP were very diverse, but were most often based on the desire to acquire knowledge and skills. The two fundamental drivers characteristic of volunteers in the camps were observed to be internal motivation in altruism. Moreover, it has been found that the number of female volunteers is higher than that of male volunteers. The reasons for this are connected to the personal characteristics of each individual. Empathy, confidence, sympathy, gentleness and protectiveness are characteristics that are usually ascribed to women and are parts of peoples’ character that prove to be a key component driving people to extend a helping hand to associations dealing with people with IDs and CP. Most often, young people are invited to participate in such endeavours by friends and acquaintances that have volunteered there in the past, felt accepted there and were positive about their experience there. Less volunteers decide to join the Association simply due to seeing a web/newspaper advert or because they have been invited to participate through their school. The thesis confirmed that the knowledge of needs, and having awareness regarding the population with special needs influences the volunteers' decision a great deal and contributes to the equal integration of people that are "different" into society. The financial reward individuals receive does present extra income coupled with a sense of being useful, but is not a condition, cause or motive for repeating the individual's participation in the camps.

Keywords:mental handicap, cerebral palsy, motnje v duševnem razvoju, cerebralna paraliza

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