With the new Spatial Planning Act, Building Act and Architecture and Civil Engineering Act, the national spatial legislation underwent another reform. The legislation, which has applied for under a year, addresses the fundamental issues in the areas of spatial management and construction, and tries to unify the partitioned regulation and to make it more orderly. This master`s thesis provides an overview and an analysis of principal innvoations of the new Spatial Planning Act and Building Act. Individual solutions are broken down in detail, and are contrasted with the previous regulation and examined critically. The thesis is comprised of two parts, one for each respective Act. An individual part summarises systemic or key solutions as its main section, followed by other important changes to the legislation.
The first part of the thesis deals with the new Spatial Planning Act. As its perhaps most important subject, the part examines the administrative dispute as a new form of judicial protection against the spatial implementation plans as general legal acts. Inspected closely, among other things, are also the enactment of public interest predominance procedure at a systemic level into the procedures for drafting spatial planning documents, the mechanism of locational verification and the reformed procedure of state spatial implementation planning. The second part of the paper deals with key innovations of the Building Act. Examined first is the integration of opinions, substituting the approvals, into the procedure for issuing a building permit, and examined second is the integration of the above-mentioned procedure with the procedure for issuing an environmental approval for the buildings with environmental impacts. Also summarised is the new regulation of special prohibitions refering to unallowable construction and non-compliant use, which has caused a fair amount of confusion in legal transactions with real estate.