In the master's thesis, we were interested in how alternative childcare approaches can support children with ADHD. We focused on experiential pedagogy, forest pedagogy and scouts. As a basic understanding of the selected approaches, we have identified the reform pedagogical flows. Today's public school represents a great challenge for children with ADHD, so we investigated in the task if alternative educational approaches can help these children to cope with them.
Theoretical part of the assignment was divided into three major sections. In the first part, we discussed the attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder. ADHD was defined by displaying different definitions and criteria for its recognition. We presented some approaches and treatments for ADHD (pedagogical, biological, psychological, social and physical) and paid special attention to the environmental impact on the definition of ADHD. As pedagogues, we placed more emphasis on the position of a child with ADHD at school. In this part of the assignment we defined the typical behavioral characteristics of the child with ADHD at school, the effects on learning success, and demonstrated the role of the teacher in helping the child. In the second theoretical assignment, alternative educational approaches were considered. First of all, we defined the reform pedagogical flows, that we define in the task as a basis for understanding other educational approaches (forest, experiential pedagogy and scouting). In the continuation of this work, we separately discussed experiential and forest pedagogy. We defined the essential characteristics of both concepts and explored how they affect children with ADHD. The third set of tasks was dedicated to the scouts. In order to better understand today's activity of scouts, we first summarized the history of the scouting. We also presented how structured work in scouts, what educational goals are and what are the effects of camping on children with ADHD.
In the empirical part of the master's thesis, however, we investigated why we can define scouts as a suitable activity for children with ADHD and how it can affect the behavior of a child with ADHD at school. We were interested in what those scouting skills are, which can make the child with ADHD easier to work in everyday life. We also investigated whether there are some negative consequences of the scouts on children with ADHD.