Introduction: The world's population of people today is drastically growing old. Due to the high percentage of older adults, the prevalence of low back pain in older adults is rising rapidly as well. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to present the prevalence, causes of the formation and risk factors for the development of low back pain in older adults based on literature review. Methods: The starting point for the study of the selected topic was a review of domestic and foreign professional and scientific literature. It was searched for professional and scientific literature in the Cobiss database, Google Učenjak, PEDro, Cochrane Libary, Medline, Science Direkt, and manually in the Central Medical Library, the Library of the Faculty of Medicine in Ljubljana and the Library of the Faculty of Sports. The used Slovenian and English professional literature deals low back pain in older adults and risk factors for the development of it. Results: The most common causes of low back pain in older adults, according to the literature, are degeneration of intervertebral discs, osteoporotic fractures, scoliotic changes of the spine and non-specific causes, and infrequently inflammatory changes and tumors. The risk factors for the development of low back pain in older adults are changed experience of pain in old age, female sex, mechanical load of the spine and whole body in the past and physical activity of the individual. Discussion and conclusion: Due to the increasing pain in the low back, it is important to know the risk factors and the causes for its development. One has no influence on some age-related processes that can affect pain in the low back.