Agricultural machinery, including tractors and other agricultural machinery, have developed over time to reach better efficiency. That has also led to higher mass of the machines, increased productivity with the simultaneous mobility and agility of the agricultural machine. As a result, the farmer strives for the highest possible yield and manipulates manual work as little as possible, which allows him to compete in the global market. However, the use of technology in the cultivation of grapes does not necessarily have only positive effects, but also some negative environmental impact on the surface of the cultivated area. In the economic sense the profit can be lower due to higher consumption of the fuel and time. At grandfather’s farm we made an experiment and separate the vineyard of 0.5 ha in two identical halves. Half of the vineyard was processed by machinery of an average age of 50 years, while the other half by machinery of an average age of 15 years. While carrying out farm chores as basic methods for the protection of vines and processing in the vineyard (mechanical control of intercropping, spraying, subsoilage and spread of mineral fertilizers) following measurements were examined: time and fuel consumption and surface productivity. In the case of more difficult tasks such as screening and post-harvesting, the use of newer machines has proved to be more efficient in terms of surface productivity, since we needed more time (8 min) for the same surface with older machinery. But the higher surface productivity is also affected by the power of the tractor, and consequently requires higher fuel consumption per hour (1,2 l/ha). For easier operations such as fertilization and spraying, the difference in surface performance was negligible, but for newer machinery, fuel consumption was slightly higher due to the unnecessary power of the tractor, and in this case the older mechanization had better results. The time tractor used for turning at the turning point was longer with the newer mechanization (18 s) due to the tractor's sluggishness, while with the older mechanization it was shorter, since the transition to the new row was simpler.