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Znanje o sovah med učenci četrtih in petih razredov osnovne šole
Gnidovec, Tanja (Avtor), Torkar, Gregor (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5279/ Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
Otrok že od malih nog, vsakodnevno stopa v stik živalmi, jih opazuje in se o njih uči, ko raziskuje svet okoli sebe. Eden izmed načinov raziskovanja otrokove percepcije živali je analiziranje otrokove risbe, v kombinaciji s pisnim opisom ali intervjujem. V raziskavi smo ugotavljali, kakšno je znanje o sovah med učenci četrtega in petega razreda (starost od 9 do 10 let) v slovenskih osnovnih šolah. Primerjali smo opise in risbe sov, ki so jih oblikovali učenci 4. in 5. razreda ter ugotavljali, kako spremenljivke – spol, razred, izkušnje s sovami, skrb za domačo žival, vplivajo na podrobnost opisov in risb. Skozi delno strukturiran intervju smo ugotavljali, kateri viri informacij vplivajo na oblikovanje učenčeve predstave o sovi. Na podlagi rezultatov analize risb in pisnih opisov, lahko zaključimo, da imajo učenci veliko znanja o habitatu sov, njihovih specifičnih telesnih značilnostih, obnašanju in prehrani. Med njimi se pogosto pojavljajo napačna razumevanja, kot na primer, da lahko sove obrnejo glavo za 360°, da so čopki na glavi njihova ušesa, samca sove označujejo z besedo čuk, ki je posebna vrsta sove. Skozi analizo risb učencev razberemo predvsem telesne značilnosti sov, pisni opisi pa nam podajo dodatne informacije o obnašanju, habitatu, prehrani sov in zanimivostih. Učenci svoje znanje o sovah pridobivajo v šoli, knjigah o živalih, dokumentarnih filmih, risankah, z njimi se srečajo v zbiralnih albumih živali, preko igrač, pesmi, o njih izvedo v živalskem vrtu, od vrstnikov, domačih ter preko lastnih konkretnih izkušenj s sovami. V našem vzorcu se je izkazalo, da na boljše poznavanje sov statistično pomembno pozitivno vplivajo lastne konkretne izkušnje s sovami. Poznavanje učenčevih virov informacij je namreč ključnega pomena pri načrtovanju in izvedbi kakovostnega učnega procesa.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:sove
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Leto izida:2018
Število ogledov:270
Število prenosov:96
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Knowledge of owls of fourth and fifth graders of elementary school
Izvleček:
While exploring everyday environment, children from their earliest days experience animals, observe and learn about them. One way to obtain information about children’s perception of animals is by using their drawings in combination with written responses or interviews. This study assesses how much Slovenian students in fourth and fifth grade (9–10 years old) know about owls by analysing their drawings and written responses. The study included 280 students. We compared students’ drawings and written responses and analyse how gender, visiting different grades, experiences with owls, owing pets affect gaining knowledge about owls. Through partly-structured interviews we collected students’ different sources of information that influence building their mental models of owls. From assessing students’ drawings and written responses, it can be concluded that the respondents had some knowledge of owls’ appearance, their behaviours, diet and habitats. Some students had misconceptions about owls, such as the idea that owls can turn their heads 360 degrees, or they confused the long ear-tufts with external parts of the ears, they mistakenly thought that the word ‘owl’ is female specimen of the species little owl (Athene noctua). The students’ written responses provided additional information on their ideas about owls; particularly about owls’ specific behaviours, habitats, diet, and some interesting facts. However, some information, such as depicting owls’ body parts and body proportions, was more clearly depicted with drawings. Students extract information about owls in school, through reading books about animals, watching documentary films, cartoons, they come up against in albums for collecting pictures of animals, or as a toy and in children’s’ songs, they learn about them in ZOO, from their peers, relatives and their own experiences. In our sample, there was shown that children’s’ own experiences statistically significant positive affect knowledge about owls. To construct and perform quality lesson it is important to be acquainted with students’ different sources of information.

Ključne besede:owls

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