Disc herniation affects a large part of the human population. It is one of the leading causes of the low back pain. Symptoms can be so severe, that enables affected person from participating in daily activities. Therefore, it is important to apply programs, that are sufficient and effective.
The purpose of this study was to present the latest findings around disc herniation rehabilitation. Firstly, we wanted to examine which mechanisms are the leading cause. Then we researched different exercise protocols and wanted to determine which one is the most suitable. We gave more attention towards
Through reviews of literature we came to the following conclusions. There are many different types of protocols. The most common were stabilization exercises and exercises that focus on back extensors strength. Both were efficient in terms of faster recovery and return into daily activities. Short-therm it was found out that intensive programs, that started 4 to 6 weeks post-op, tend to be more efficient compering to less intensive programs. Patients recovered faster and being able to go back to work faster. Long-term, there was no significant difference between the intensive and
We suggest that rehabilitation program should be goal oriented, preventing recurrence of injuries. Individualization and progression of the exercises should be provided. Education is also an important part of rehabilitation.
To conclude, we found out that there are many different approaches when dealing with disc herniation. We have an option to choose from a variety of different programs. Newest researches suggest that intensive, aggressive programs might be better to choose.