The ever-topical issue of violence is sharpening in the modern era of boundless scientific advancements that do not only promote the overall well-being and comfort, but they also often negatively affect the individual. The alieniation of the individual from their own immaterial essence is reflected in the case of Adolph Eichmann, a successful official, a dedicated executor of orders, and a member of the Nazi Party which invented and established a system of mass violence. Based on the assumption that each human being is intrinsically good-natured and free, the current BA thesis addresses their motives under the given circumstances, their morality and their aspiration, and it also attempts to prove and assess their responsibility. The thesis is based on a series of incidents of mass violence occurring during the Second World War and during the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, appearing a decade and a half later. Based on the thematic concept the thesis tries to identify the individual as a moral being and reveal their inner change resulting from the enforcement of the totalitarian regime. In the continuation it attempts to highlight the incompatibility of strict formalism with general moral principles, which contrastingly represented one of the tendencies of totalitarianism. At this point the materialization of evil is reflected as a banal phenomenon since it may affect an ordinary, average individual who is suddenly firmly determined to commit violence. For this reason the conclusion closely relates to the hypothesis that moral indifference often stems from egoism and thoughtlessness, which, however, does not relieve the individual of their responsibility towards themselves and towards others, since violence always constitutes a self-destructive act, which consequently indicates that morality is definitely not a passive concept.