The purpose of this diploma is to compare the final 400m runs between men and women, in the period of 2004 – 2016 Olympic games. We were studying body height and age of male and female contestants, their complexion, nationality, reaction times and finally their best times. All male and female athletes of the final runs on Olympic Games in 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016 were included in the statistical analysis.
Based on results obtained, we found out that the 400m run is evolving and that results, especially in male competition, are getting better each year. In the period of last 12 years, female contestants on average, did not progress as distinctively at their best times as male contestants did. However, all athletes improved their start reaction times.
We explained the characteristics of the final runs from each Olympic games, for men and women. We described how body height of the competitors affects the length of the step and their running technique. We determined the optimal age of competitors for achieving top results, and the length of the period in which they can maintain maximum efficiency. When it comes to complexion of the contestants, we found out that there are more white female athletes than men, and that the number of dark-colored athletes is rising over the years of competition. In the 400m run discipline, the biggest part of male and female contestants comes from the USA.