The role of trees and the relationship between man and tree has changed over the course of history. In addition to economic aspects, trees have always carried a potent symbolic meaning representing the source of life. Aesthetics, usefulness, their psychological role and belief in the existence of tree ghosts have contributed to the protection and preservation of special trees. Over time, trees as a natural entity have been upgraded with social content. The master thesis contains a description and explanation of the complex concept of tree symbolism through history - cosmic tree, sacred tree and the tree of life in various world cultures. Tree symbolism is discussed in terms of the symbolism of the space occupied by the tree and intrinsic symbolism of the tree species. Trees are volumetric constituents of landscape and as such contribute to planting comprehension and recognition of hierarchical patterns in space. The artistic features of particular tree species help us to recognize its symbolic meaning. Often, the symbolism of a specific tree has developed into a general concept of a tree species. In stories and legends, trees represent a shelter, a symbol of power, endurance or mourning. The value of each tree grows proportionally to its role in a community. Several roles of an individual tree or group of trees create bonds with people and have the ability to co-shape and transform the space in time. Several symbolic trees in Kamnik are considered bearers of cultural memory. There are some individual trees, tree lines, or clumps for example largeleaf linden (Tilia platyphyllos) near the cemetery, copper beech (Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea) as representative tree, a cluster of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) on the market, or birch trees (Betula pendula) in avenues along the main town streets. Such trees help define the meaning of space and influence our perception because of the age, shape and activities related to them.