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Telovadba za izboljšanje gibljivosti za ljudi sedečih poklicev : diplomsko delo
Lipar, Žiga (Author), Majerič, Matej (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Čuk, Ivan (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Sedeči način življenja predstavlja eno največjih težav sodobne družbe. Raziskave kažejo, da se je trajanje sedenja med prebivalci Slovenije in Evropske Unije povečalo. Po nekaterih podatkih 46,0% Slovencev sedi dnevno med 2 urama in pol in 5 urami in pol, 17,0% pa med 5 urami in pol in 8 urami in pol dnevno. Negativni učinki prekomernega sedenja se kažejo na mišično-kostnem sistemu, saj so določene telesne zgradbe nagnjene k skrajšanju, druge pa k podaljšanju. Posledica tega so najprej akutne bolečine v sklepih, kasneje pa kronične bolezni mišično-kostnega sistema. Mišično-kostne bolezni predstavljajo najpogostejši razlog bolniške odsotnosti v Sloveniji. Zadnji podatki kažejo, da imajo zaposleni Slovenci, ki so stari od 25 in 64 let največkrat bolečine v ledvenem delu hrbtenice (50,0%), bolečine v vratu in ramenih (34,6%) in hrbtenici (25,0%). Bolečine in bolezni mišično-kostnega sistema zmanjšujejo sposobnost za vsakdanja opravila in delo. Glede na ugotovitve raziskav, ki so potrdile povezanost bolečin v sklepih in zmanjšane gibljivosti v njih, smo pripravili program razteznih vaj za ljudi, ki opravljajo sedeče poklice. Cilj programa je ohranjanje oziroma povečanje gibljivosti in s tem preprečevanje bolečin. Telovadba za izboljšanje gibljivosti je zasnovana tako, da je preprosta za uporabo in jo lahko ljudje, ki opravljajo sedeče poklice, izvajajo tudi na delovnem mestu. Predvidevamo, da bi le-ti s sistematičnim izvajanjem telovadbe ohranjali ali povečali gibljivost in tako preprečili bolečine v sklepih, s tem pa zmanjšali tudi število dni bolniške odsotnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:sedenje, gibljivost, telovadba, raztezanje, sedeči poklici
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5336753 This link opens in a new window
Views:816
Downloads:422
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:gymnastics for improving flexibility among sedentery workers
Abstract:
Sedentary lifestyle represents one of the biggest problems in today’s information technology oriented society. Studies show that duration of sitting among residents of Slovenia and European Union has increased. According to some data 46,0% of Slovenes sit daily between 2 and a half hours and 5 and a half hours and 17,0% between 5 and a half hours and 8 and a half hours. The negative effects of sitting are shown on musculoskeletal system, some structures are shortened and some lengthened. This causes acute joint pain, which leads to chronic musculoskeletal diseases. Musculoskeletal diseases represent the most common reason for absence in Slovenia. Latest data show that employed Slovenes, aged between 25 and 64 years, most often have lower back pain (50,0%), cervical and shoulder pain (34,6%) and spine (25,0%). Pain and musculoskeletal disorders reduce the ability of performing everyday tasks and work. Considering the fact that joint pain and lower flexibility are connected, we prepared a workout program with stretching exercises intended for people with sedentary occupation. The purpose of this program is maintaining or improving flexibility, consequently preventing pain. Workout for improving flexibility is simple to use and could be used daily at their workplace by every individual, who has long-term sedentary work. We assume that these people can maintain or improve their flexibility with systematic pursuance of this program, preventing joint pain and reducing the number of sick leave days.

Keywords:sitting, flexibility, gymnastics, stretching, sedentary occupations

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