In modern democracy, citizens carry power. In Slovenia, the citizens exercise power which is defined by the constitution. It is exercised directly and with elections. The second constitution principle, on which parliament democracy is based, is principle of dividing the power. On the basis of the constitutional principle, according to which citizen are bearer of the authority, and principle of dividing power, the constitution also introduced public authority. The most important is National Assembly, followed by Nacional Council, Government, and President of the republic. The principle of dividing power involves the legislative, executive, and judicial branch of authority.
Nacional Assembly introduced a proportional electoral system by law. It defines appropriate electoral principle, rights, obligation, procedure, organization, and judicial protection of voting rights.
Elections in National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia have been held since 1992 according to the proportional electoral system. Under the law on election into the National Assembly, we know certain models of electoral system. The law defines adequate principle, rights and obligations, as well as procedures, organization, judicial protection, and voting rights. Apart from the law on election into the National Assembly, the election campaign, political parties’ law and Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly are also important.
The mentioned laws above and Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly define the procedures for elections into the National Assembly. The first step is a call for tender election, nomination and validation of candidate lists. This is followed by voting and publication of outcome the election results. It is continued by the decision of possible alternative, subsequent and early elections. At that point, the decision of the definition electoral units and mandates as well as decision appropriate base for the election campaign is important.