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VOLITVE V DRŽAVNI ZBOR V LETU 2014
ČEJVANOVIĆ, MAJA (Author), Kocjančič, Rudi (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Ljudstvo je nosilec oblasti v sodobnih demokracijah. Tako že ustava določa, da ima v Sloveniji oblast ljudstvo. Državljanke in državljani pa jo izvršujejo neposredno in z volitvami. Drugo ustavno načelo, na katerem temelji parlamentarna demokracija, je načelo delitve oblasti. Na podlagi ustavnega načela, po katerem je ljudstvo nosilec oblasti, in načela delitve oblasti je ustava uvedla tudi ustrezne državne organe, med katerimi so najpomembnejši državni zbor, do določene pristojnosti državni svet, vlada ter predsednik republike. Načelo delitve oblasti zajema zakonodajno, izvršilno in sodno vejo oblasti. Državni zbor je z Zakonom uvedel proporcionalni volilni sistem za volitve v ta državni organ. Omenjeni zakon določa tudi ustrezna volilna načela ter pravice in obveznosti, kot tudi postopke in organizacijo in sodno varstvo volilne pravice. Volitve v Republiki Sloveniji že od leta 1992 potekajo v Državnem zboru po proporcionalnem volilnem sistemu. Po zakonu o volitvah v državni zbor poznamo v okviru proporcionalnega volilnega sistema tudi določene načine volilnega sistema. Zakon določa tudi ustrezna načela ter pravice in obveznosti, kot tudi postopke in organizacijo ter sodno varstvo volilne pravice. Poleg zakona o volitvah v državni zbor sta pomembna tudi Zakon o volilni kampanji in Zakon o političnih strankah ter Poslovnik državnega zbora. Omenjeni zakoni in tudi Poslovnik določajo ustrezne postopke za volitve v državni zbor. Prvi korak na volitvah v državni zbor je razpis volitev ter vlaganje in potrjevanje kandidatnih list, v nadaljevanju pa glasovanje, ugotavljanje izida. V nadaljevanju pa odločitev o morebitnih nadomestnih, naknadnih in predčasnih volitev v državni zbor. Pri tem sta pomembni tudi določitev volilnih enot, kot tudi določitev mandatov ter opredelitev ustrezne podlage za volilno kampanjo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:demokracija, ljudstvo, delitev oblasti, volitve, državni organi, volivci, ustava, zakoni
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FU - Faculty of Administration
Year:2018
Views:476
Downloads:400
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS IN 2014
Abstract:
In modern democracy, citizens carry power. In Slovenia, the citizens exercise power which is defined by the constitution. It is exercised directly and with elections. The second constitution principle, on which parliament democracy is based, is principle of dividing the power. On the basis of the constitutional principle, according to which citizen are bearer of the authority, and principle of dividing power, the constitution also introduced public authority. The most important is National Assembly, followed by Nacional Council, Government, and President of the republic. The principle of dividing power involves the legislative, executive, and judicial branch of authority. Nacional Assembly introduced a proportional electoral system by law. It defines appropriate electoral principle, rights, obligation, procedure, organization, and judicial protection of voting rights. Elections in National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia have been held since 1992 according to the proportional electoral system. Under the law on election into the National Assembly, we know certain models of electoral system. The law defines adequate principle, rights and obligations, as well as procedures, organization, judicial protection, and voting rights. Apart from the law on election into the National Assembly, the election campaign, political parties’ law and Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly are also important. The mentioned laws above and Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly define the procedures for elections into the National Assembly. The first step is a call for tender election, nomination and validation of candidate lists. This is followed by voting and publication of outcome the election results. It is continued by the decision of possible alternative, subsequent and early elections. At that point, the decision of the definition electoral units and mandates as well as decision appropriate base for the election campaign is important.

Keywords:democracy, citizens, dividing power, elections, public authorities, voters, constitution, laws

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