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Prisotnost empatije med študenti babištva na Zdravstveni fakulteti : poročilo o raziskavi
Zaletelj, Anja (Author), Thaler, Darja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: V poklicu babištva imajo poleg dobrega teoretičnega in praktičnega strokovnega znanja pomembno vlogo tudi osebne, socialne in komunikacijske veščine, med njimi je tudi empatija. S pomenom empatije v babištvu se študentje seznanijo že na uvodnih predavanjih babištva, empatičnega odnosa se kasneje dotaknejo v okviru supervizijskih vaj. Tovrstnih vaj, usmerjenih v razvoj socialnih veščin, vrednot, morale in etike babištva bi morali v večjem številu ur vključiti v učne načrte. Spremembe bi študentom približale razumevanje in poznavanje empatije, ter posledično doprinesle h kakovostnejši babiški oskrbi. Namen: Diplomsko delo želi poudariti pomen empatije v babiški oskrbi, ter skozi raziskavo ugotoviti, kakšna je stopnja empatije med študenti babištva na Zdravstveni fakulteti. Raziskava se osredotoča predvsem na morebitne razlike v stopnji empatije med prvim letnikom in tretjim letnikom študija. Metode dela: Diplomsko delo temelji na deskriptivni kvantitativni metodi dela s pomočjo MES lestvice. V raziskavo so bili vključeni vsi trije letniki študentov babištva na Zdravstveni fakulteti, pri tem je skupaj sodelovalo 81 študentov babištva, kar predstavlja 86,17 % realizacije vzorca. Podatki so bili urejeni v programu Microsoft Excel 2016, ter kasneje statistično obdelani s pomočjo SPSS programa. Podatki so predstavljeni s pomočjo tabel. Rezultati: Povprečna stopnja empatije med študenti babištva je 108,20 s standardnim odklonom 7,81. Najvišjo stopnjo empatije so dosegli študentje drugega letnika (113,73 s standardnim odklonom 7,78). Raziskava statistično pomembnih razlik med prvim in tretjim letnikom ne ugotavlja. Predhodna zdravstvena izobrazba ne vpliva na višjo stopnjo empatije, prav tako ni opaznih pomembnih statističnih razlik med izrednim in rednim študijem. Razprava in sklep: Rezultati kažejo na stopnjo empatije študentov babištva, ki so primerljivi s tujimi raziskavami. V poklicu babištva igra sposobnost empatije izredno pomembno vlogo. V svoji predispoziciji je empatija sicer prirojena sposobnost, skozi pravilno zasnovan študij jo lahko izpopolnjujemo in nadgrajujemo, s tem pa doprinesemo h kakovostni babiški oskrbi. Izboljšave na področju empatije so možne, tako bi morali učitelji in klinični mentorji v učne načrte v prihodnje vključiti preproste tehnike, s katerimi bi bistveno doprinesli k izboljšanju empatičnih spretnosti pri študentih babištva na Zdravstveni fakulteti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:empatija, empatične spretnosti, izpopolnjevanje empatije, empatična babica, študentje babištva
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5393259 Link is opened in a new window
Views:885
Downloads:664
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Empathy among midwifery students at Faculty of Health Sciences : research report
Abstract:
Introduction: In the midwife profession in addition to good theoretical and practical expertise important role also play personal, social and communication skills, among them empathy. Students learn about importance of empathy in midwifery in introductory lectures of midwifery, and later they also touch the empathic relationship at the supervisory exercises. Those exercises, aimed at the development of social skills, values, morals and ethics of midwifery should in more hours included in the curriculum. Changes bring students closer to understanding and knowledge of empathy, and contribute to a better quality midwife's care. Purpose: Diploma want to emphasize the importance of empathy in midwifery care, and through the study to determine the degree of empathy among midwifery students at the Faculty of Health Science. The research focuses on posible differences in the level of empathy between the 1 st year and the 3rd year of study. Methods: Diploma work is based on descriptive quantitative method of research with the Midwifery Empathy Scale (MES). Study included all three years of midwifery students at the Facilty of Health Science with the participation of 81 students, which represent 86,17% sample realization. Data was edited in Microsoft Excel 2016, and later for statistical processing we using SPSS program. To describe the data we used a descriptive structure and tables. Results: The mean of empathy among midwifery students is 108,20 with standard deviation 7,81. The students of second year had the highest mean of empathy (113,73 with standard deviation of 7,78). Study does not find a statistically significant difference between the first and third year. Earli health education does not affect a higher degree of empathy, as such there are no significant statistical differences betwen part-time and full-time studies. Discussion and conclusion: The results show the mean of empathy which are comparable to foreign research. In the midwifery profession the ability to empathy plays an extremly important role. Empathy is a innate characteristic, but throught studies it can be perfected. The research show that the improvements in empathy are still possible, so professors and clinical mentors in the curriculum should include simple techniques that would significantly contribute to improving empathic skills at midwifery students at the Faculty of Health Sciences.

Keywords:empathy, empathic skills, empathic midwife, midwifery students, learning empathy

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